18 found
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  1.  42
    Emotion regulation in depression: Relation to cognitive inhibition.Jutta Joormann & Ian H. Gotlib - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (2):281-298.
    Depression is a disorder of impaired emotion regulation. Consequently, examining individual differences in the habitual use of emotion-regulation strategies has considerable potential to inform models of this debilitating disorder. The aim of the current study was to identify cognitive processes that may be associated with the use of emotion-regulation strategies and to elucidate their relation to depression. Depression has been found to be associated with difficulties in cognitive control and, more specifically, with difficulties inhibiting the processing of negative material. We (...)
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  2.  24
    Attentional bias in dysphoria: The role of inhibitory processes.Jutta Joormann - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (1):125-147.
  3.  44
    Emotion regulation in depression: Examining the role of cognitive processes.Jutta Joormann & Catherine D'Avanzato - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (6):913-939.
  4.  21
    Depression and rumination: Relation to components of inhibition.Ulrike Zetsche, Catherine D'Avanzato & Jutta Joormann - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):758-767.
    Background: Recent research has demonstrated that depressed individuals show impairments in inhibiting irrelevant emotional material, and that these impairments are linked to rumination. Cognitive inhibition, however, is not a unitary construct but consists of several components which operate at different stages of information processing. The present study was designed to assess two components of inhibition and examine their relation to depression and rumination in a sample of clinically depressed and healthy control participants. Methods: Twenty-two individuals diagnosed with a current depressive (...)
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  5.  36
    Rumination and intentional forgetting of emotional material.Jutta Joormann & Tanya B. Tran - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (6):1233-1246.
  6.  18
    “What has been is what will be”? Autobiographical memory and prediction of future events in depression.Reuma Gadassi Polack, Tanya B. Tran & Jutta Joormann - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (5):1044-1051.
    ABSTRACTDepression is associated with negative autobiographical thinking regarding the past and the future. The association between the two temporal dimensions, however, has not been examined. In t...
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  7.  28
    Examining risk and resilience factors for depression: The role of self-criticism and self-compassion.Anna M. Ehret, Jutta Joormann & Matthias Berking - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (8):1496-1504.
  8.  48
    Emotion regulation and biological stress responding: associations with worry, rumination, and reappraisal.Elizabeth J. Lewis, K. Lira Yoon & Jutta Joormann - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (7):1487-1498.
    ABSTRACTIndividual differences in the habitual use of emotion regulation strategies may play a critical role in understanding psychological and biological stress reactivity and recovery in depression and anxiety. This study investigated the relation between the habitual use of different emotion regulation strategies and cortisol reactivity and recovery in healthy control individuals and in individuals diagnosed with social anxiety disorder. The tendency to worry was associated with increased cortisol reactivity to a stressor across the full sample. Rumination was not associated with (...)
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  9.  35
    Implicit interpretation biases affect emotional vulnerability: A training study.Tanya B. Tran, Matthias Siemer & Jutta Joormann - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (3):546-558.
    Cognitive theories of emotion propose that the interpretation of emotion-eliciting situations crucially shapes affective responses. Implicit or automatic biases in these interpretations may hinder emotion regulation and thereby increase risk for the onset and maintenance of psychological disorders. In this study, participants were randomly assigned to a positive or negative interpretation bias training using ambiguous social scenarios. After the completion of the training, a stress task was administered and changes in positive and negative affect and self-esteem were assessed. The results (...)
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  10.  17
    Is the glass half empty or half full and does it even matter? Cognition, emotion, and psychopathology.Jutta Joormann - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):133-138.
  11.  42
    Cultural and gender differences in emotion regulation: Relation to depression.Hoin Kwon, K. Lira Yoon, Jutta Joormann & Jung-Hye Kwon - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (5):769-782.
  12.  22
    Mapping Dynamic Interactions Among Cognitive Biases in Depression.Jonas Everaert, Amit Bernstein, Jutta Joormann & Ernst H. W. Koster - 2020 - Emotion Review 12 (2):93-110.
    Depression is theorized to be caused in part by biased cognitive processing of emotional information. Yet, prior research has adopted a reductionist approach that does not characterize how biases i...
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  13.  26
    Memory for affectively valenced and neutral stimuli in depression: Evidence from a novel matching task.Ian H. Gotlib, John Jonides, Martin Buschkuehl & Jutta Joormann - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1246-1254.
  14.  35
    Working memory in social anxiety disorder: better manipulation of emotional versus neutral material in working memory.K. Lira Yoon, Amanda M. Kutz, Joelle LeMoult & Jutta Joormann - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (8):1733-1740.
    Individuals with social anxiety disorder engage in post-event processing, a form of perseverative thinking. Given that deficits in working memory might underlie perseverative thinking, we examined working memory in SAD with a particular focus on the effects of stimulus valence. SAD and healthy control participants either maintained or reversed in working memory the order of four emotional or four neutral pictures, and we examined sorting costs, which reflect the extent to which performance deteriorated on the backward trials compared to the (...)
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  15.  43
    Adulthood personality correlates of childhood adversity.Charles S. Carver, Sheri L. Johnson, Michael E. McCullough, Daniel E. Forster & Jutta Joormann - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  16.  7
    The mindful gaze: trait mindful people under an instructed emotion regulation goal selectively attend to positive stimuli.Hannah Raila, Annabel Bouwer, Cole A. Moran, Elizabeth T. Kneeland, Rhea Modi & Jutta Joormann - 2024 - Cognition and Emotion 38 (2):256-266.
    Trait mindfulness confers emotional benefits and encourages skillful emotion regulation, in part because it helps people more deliberately attend to internal experiences and external surroundings. Such heightened attentional control might help skillfully deploy one’s attention towards certain kinds of stimuli, which may in turn help regulate emotions, but this remains unknown. Testing how trait mindful people deploy attention when regulating their emotions could help uncover the specific mechanisms of mindfulness that confer its emotional benefits. The present study aimed to determine (...)
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  17.  7
    Social impression formation and depression: examining cognitive flexibility and bias.Wisteria Deng, Tyrone D. Cannon & Jutta Joormann - 2023 - Cognition and Emotion 37 (1):137-146.
    Depression is associated with a bias toward negative interpretations of social situations and resistance to integrating evidence consistent with positive interpretations. These features could contribute to social isolation by generating negative expected value for future social interactions. The present study examined potential associations between depressive symptoms and positive (i.e. trust and liking) and negative (i.e. distrust and disliking) social impression formation of individuals who previously appeared in positive or negative contexts. Participants (N = 213) completed the Interpretation Inflexibility Task and (...)
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  18.  9
    Learned helplessness: expanding on a goal-directed perspective.Jessica M. Duda & Jutta Joormann - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (6):1037-1041.
    This commentary reviews a novel model of learned helplessness proposed by Boddez et al. in this issue of Cognition and Emotion. Combining operant and goal-directed perspectives, Boddez et al. suggest that helplessness stems from a lack of reinforcement when striving toward a goal, with the degree of generalisation dependent on subjective perceptions of goal similarity. We begin by reviewing the theoretical model, describe possible expansions from a cognitive perspective, and discuss several considerations. We finish with a brief discussion of possible (...)
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