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  1.  16
    A case for organic indigenous Christianity: African Ethiopia as derivate from Jewish Christianity.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - HTS Theological Studies 75 (1):10.
    From its inception to the 4th century CE, Christianity experienced a formative process composite of three catalytic phases characterised by distinctive events (i.e. Jewish-Christian Schism, Hellenism and imperial intervention). From the aforementioned era emerged an orthodoxy fostered by an imperial-ecclesiastical link. There appears to have been a parallel story with regard to certain elements of African Christianity, in particular, Ethiopian Christianity. What can be made of the gap regarding Jewish Christianity combined with the absence of African Christianity from Bauer’s modular (...)
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  2.  1
    Religious statecraft: Constantinianism in the figure of Nagashi Kaleb.Rugare Rukuni - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (4):12.
    The Himyarite invasion of 525 CE by Kaleb of Aksum was a definitive war in the narrative of global religion and politics. The accounts surrounding the war corroborate the notion of an impressed Constantinian modus of establishing religious statecraft. Whereas there has been much anthropological and archaeological work on the South Arabian–Aksumite relations from the 4th to the 6th centuries, revisionism in perspective of literary sources and respective evidence retains significance given the dynamism of Ethiopianism as a concept. Implicative document (...)
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  3.  3
    African Ethiopia and Byzantine imperial orthodoxy: Politically influenced self-definition of Christianity.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - HTS Theological Studies 75 (4):1-9.
    The ancient Ethiopian Christian empire was an emergent and notable power in Eastern Africa and influenced its surrounding regions. It was itself influenced both religiously and politically. The ancient Christian narrative of North Africa has been deduced against a Roman imperial background. Whilst the preceding is congruent with the historical political dynamics, a consideration of the autonomy and uniqueness of ancient African Christianity and its regional influence is also relevant. This implied a revisionist approach to literature which was achieved through (...)
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  4.  3
    Nicaea as political orthodoxy: Imperial Christianity versus episcopal polities.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - HTS Theological Studies 75 (4):10.
    Fourth-century Christianity and the Council of Nicaea have continually been read as a Constantinian narrative. The dominancy of imperial Christianity has been a consequent feature of the established narrative regarding the events within early Christianity. There is a case for a revisionist enquiry regarding the influence of the emperor in the formation of orthodoxy. The role of bishops and its political characterisation had definitive implications upon Christianity as it would seem. Recent revisions on Constantine by Leithart and Barnes incited the (...)
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  5.  8
    Ethiopian Christianity: A continuum of African Early Christian polities.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - HTS Theological Studies 75 (1):9.
    The 4th century CE was definitive for Early Christianity as there emerged an imperial orthodoxy establishment. This was the inception of an era of a Christian polity characterised by symbiotic ties between the imperial establishment and a developing charismatic political Christianity. The established narrative is one overshadowed by the Byzantine influence even in Africa through Alexandria and Carthage. There were, however, dynamics that conceived an African Christian polity, by extension Ethiopian Christianity posed relevance as a complexly diverse Christian political entity. (...)
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  6.  4
    Early Ethiopian Christianity: Retrospective enquiry from the perspective of Indian Thomine tradition.Rugare Rukuni - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (3).
    Ethiopian Christianity’s narrative is aggregately established with an explicit aversion to the account of the Ethiopian Eunuch in the Lukan Acts. The preceding practise neglects a cardinal record in Christian history, as arguably the Book of Acts is the basicsource for 1st century Christianity. The main arguments for this approach derive from the lack of detailed archaeological data for the existence of Christianity before the Negus Ezana. However, this also evades the reality of the Judaic-Ethiopic connections as a substantial premise (...)
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    Religious statecraft: Narratives of persecution and diplomacy in the case of Byzantine, Aksum and Himyar.Rugare Rukuni - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (1):13.
    When reviewed against the background of Byzantine diplomatic correspondence, Aksum’s religious policy on the Arabian Peninsula is perceivable within a Constantinian religio-political matrix. Imperial letters from Byzantine to Aksum and Persia denote the Byzantine role of arbiter of early Christianity. Byzantine Rome’s role in Christianity when reviewed from diplomatic correspondence with allies and antagonists recounts narratives of orthodoxy and persecution. Parallel review of letters from Constantine and Constantius decodes the Christian kingdom of Aksum as a participant of 4th-century CE Constantinian (...)
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  8.  4
    Schism, syncretism and politics: Derived and implied social model in the self-definition of early Christian orthodoxy.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - HTS Theological Studies 75 (4):1-9.
    The first 400 years of Christianity posed an intricate scenario of social dynamics. The interplay of these social dynamics or catalysts analogous to time perceivably conceived the political-religious establishment that then forged orthodoxy. The resultant continuum that was consequent of the imperial religious-political merger upon the following eras further established a formative impact of these catalysts. As a revisionist analysis of the era leading up to the Constantinian turn, and a parallel comparison between preceding and following eras, this research proposes (...)
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  9.  2
    Parthian-India and Aksum: A geographical case for pre-Ezana early Christianity in Ethiopia.Rugare Rukuni - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (4):1-10.
    The narrative of Indian Christianity that is compositely based on Thomine tradition derives significantly from the reality of Parthian-India geo-economics and geopolitics. Although Aksumite trade and diplomatic visibility are a prevalent feature of the Greco-Roman imperial history in the BCE – CE era, the narrative regarding Ethiopian Christianity is a 4th-century CE reality. Ground is made to deduce the possibility of early Christianity akin to apostolic Christianity in Ethiopia as a consequence of similar circumstances in Parthian-India. So as to solidify (...)
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  10.  2
    Africanism, Apocalypticism, Jihad and Jesuitism: Prelude to Ethiopianism.Rugare Rukuni & Erna Oliver - 2019 - HTS Theological Studies 75 (3):10.
    Ethiopianism conceptually shaped modern Africa. Perceivably, this has been deduced from distinguished events in Ethiopian history. This investigation explored Ethiopianism as a derivate of the multifaceted narrative of Ethiopian religious political dynamics. Ethiopianism has arguably been detached from the entirety of the Ethiopian Christian political establishment, being deduced separately from definitive events such as the Battle of Adwa 1896. This research reconnected Ethiopianism to a wholistic religious–political matrix of Ethiopia. Therefore, it offers an alternative interpretation of Ethiopianism, as a derivate (...)
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  11.  1
    Religious statecraft: Narratives of persecution and diplomacy in the case of Byzantine, Aksum and Himyar.Rugare Rukuni - 2021 - HTS Theological Studies 77 (4):13.
    When reviewed against the background of Byzantine diplomatic correspondence, Aksum’s religious policy on the Arabian Peninsula is perceivable within a Constantinian religio-political matrix. Imperial letters from Byzantine to Aksum and Persia denote the Byzantine role of arbiter of early Christianity. Byzantine Rome’s role in Christianity when reviewed from diplomatic correspondence with allies and antagonists recounts narratives of orthodoxy and persecution. Parallel review of letters from Constantine and Constantius decodes the Christian kingdom of Aksum as a participant of 4th-century CE Constantinian (...)
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