David J. Stump
University of San Francisco
Arthur Pap was not quite a Logical Empiricist. He wrote his dissertation in philosophy of science under Ernest Nagel, and he published a textbook in the philosophy of science at the end of his tragically short career, but most of his work would be classified as analytic philosophy. More important, he took some stands that went against Logical Empiricist orthodoxy and was a persistent if friendly critic of the movement. Pap diverged most strongly from Logical Empiricism in his theory of a “functional a priori” in which fundamental principles of science are hardened into definitions and act as criteria for further inquiry. Pap was strongly influenced by the pragmatists C. I. Lewis and John Dewey in developing this alternative theory of a priori knowledge. Using Poincaré’s conventionalism as a springboard, Pap attempted to substantiate these views with examples from physics, and this was his largest foray into philosophy of science topics. Pap, as well as Lewis and Dewey, developed an alternative theory of the a priori in the 1950s that never quite took hold, despite the fact that their views are very intriguing and similar to Michael Friedman’s recent work on the constitutive a priori.
Keywords Arthur Pap  logical empiricism  a priori
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DOI 10.1086/659342
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References found in this work BETA

The Different Kinds of a Priori.Arthur Pap - 1944 - Philosophical Review 53 (5):465-484.
On the Meaning of Necessity.Arthur Pap - 1943 - Journal of Philosophy 40 (17):449-458.
On the Meaning of Universality.Arthur Pap - 1943 - Journal of Philosophy 40 (19):505-514.

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Lewis and Schlick.Massimo Ferrari - 2019 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 11 (1).

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