Classical Quarterly 63 (2):511-536 (2013)
AbstractEvery winter in the classical period, on a specifically chosen day, Athenians gathered together to mourn the men who had died in war. According to Thucydides, the bones of the dead killed in that year lay in state for two days before being carried in ten coffins organized by tribe to thedêmosion sêmawhere they were buried and then a speech was made in honour of the dead men by a man chosen by the city. As his description makes clear, this ceremony was a public event attended not only by citizens and foreigners, but also by the female relatives of the dead men. Other sources report that thepolemarchosput on theagônfor those who died in the war and these contests included musical, athletic and hippic competitions. The war-dead also received sacrifices. The occasion combined burial with cult and games usually afforded to the divine, although how exactly this combination worked in practice is not clear because Thucydides, our single best source for the Epitaphia, focusses on the burial and the oration given by Pericles in the winter at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War.
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References found in this work
Civic Ideology and the Problem of Difference: The Politics of Aeschylean Tragedy, Once Again.Simon Goldhill - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:34-56.
The Historical Context of Thucydides' Funeral Oration.Albert Brian Bosworth - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:1-16.
The General Purport of Pericles' Funeral Oration and Last Speech.C. Sicking - 1995 - Hermes 123 (4):404-425.
Citations of this work
Penser le « changement » à l’envers : le passé, la tradition et les ancêtres vus par les différentes générations de l’époque classique.Alexandra Bartzoka - 2022 - Klio 104 (1):30-99.
The Greek Ὕμνοσ: High Praise for Gods and Men.Michael E. Brumbaugh - 2019 - Classical Quarterly 69 (1):167-186.
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