Darwin, Mendel, Morgan: the Beginnings of Genetics

Diogenes 33 (131):101-113 (1985)
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Traditionally genetics is said to be the science of heredity. At least this was how William Bateson defined it in 1906. Today this is no longer the case. Since about ten years ago. when biologists learned to extract genes from cells, to transfer them from cell to cell, to dissect them, to analyze them biochemically, in short to manipulate them, the term genetics has tended rather to designate the science of the action of genes in cells. (This is what was formerly called physiological genetics). In any case this is the form of genetics which today is in the forefront of biological research. (This is also called molecular genetics). This kind of genetics is also in the forefront in the media, because of its present or potential applications, in the realms of biotechnology, genetic therapy and so on.



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Mendel No Mendelian?Robert Cecil Olby - 1979 - History of Science 17 (1):53-72.
Origins of Mendelism.Robert Cecil Olby - 1985 - Journal of the History of Biology 20 (1):132-133.
Reasoning in scientific change: Charles Darwin, Hugo de Vries, and the discovery of segregation.Lindley Darden - 1976 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 7 (2):127-169.

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