Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (3):371-389 (2001)

In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle offers a solution to the problem of motivating morality based on his distinction between three types of friendship. I consider Aristotle's argument in detail, placing it in a context of similar concerns about the question of why we ought to be moral that ranges from Socrates' discussion of the ring of Gyges in Plato's Republic to Wittgenstein's distinction between internal and external rewards and punishments for action in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Contrary to J.O. Urmson's conclusion that Aristotle's discussion of the highest form of friendship is an editorial insertion in Book VIII of the Ethics, I attempt to show, by filling in the necessary steps in Aristotle's inference, that the treatment of friendship is an integral part of what Aristotle considers a complete moral philosophy. According to the interpretation that I propose, Aristotle's account of being worthy of the highest form of friendship is indispensable to his explanation of an internally rewarding reason for being moral
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1023/A:1011873730850
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 70,265
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Vices of Friendship.Arina Pismenny & Berit Brogaard - 2022 - In Arina Pismenny & Berit Brogaard (eds.), The Moral Psychology of Love. Lanham, MD 20706, USA: pp. 231-253.
Parents and Children as Friends.Kristján Kristjánsson - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (2):250–265.
Parents and Children as Friends.Kristján Kristjánsson - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (2):250-265.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles


Added to PP index

Total views
85 ( #137,073 of 2,507,702 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #277,114 of 2,507,702 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes