Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):101 - 121 (2005)

Those standard historiographic themes of "evolution" and "revolution" need replacing. They perpetuate mid-Victorian scientists' history of science. Historians' history of science does well to take in the long run from the Greek and Hebrew heritages on, and to work at avoiding misleading anachronism and teleology. As an alternative to the usual "evo-revo" themes, a historiography of origins and species, of cosmologies (including microcosmogonies and macrocosmogonies) and ontologies, is developed here. The advantages of such a historiography are illustrated by looking briefly at a number of transitions: the transition from Greek and Hebrew doctrines to their integrations by medieval authors; the transition from the Platonist, Aristotelian, Christian Aquinas to the Newtonian Buffon and to the no less Newtonian Lamarck; the departures the early Darwin made away from Lamarck's and from Lyell's views. Issues concerning historical thinking about nature, concerning essentialism and concerning classification are addressed in an attempt to challenge customary stereotypes. Questions about originality and influence are raised, especially concerning Darwin's "tree of life" scheme. The broader historiography of Darwinian science as a social ideology, and as a "worldview," is examined and the scope for revisions emphasised. Throughout, graduate students are encouraged to see this topic area not as worked out, but as full of opportunities for fresh contributions.
Keywords Buffon  cosmologies  Darwin  Greeks  Hebrews  historiography  Lamarck  ontologies  origins  species
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DOI 10.1007/s10739-004-6512-3
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References found in this work BETA

Genesis: The Evolution of Biology.Jan Sapp - 2003 - Oxford University Press USA.
Companion to the History of Modern Science.M. J. S. Hodge, R. C. Olby, N. Cantor & J. R. R. Christie - 1990 - In R. C. Olby, G. N. Cantor, J. R. R. Christie & M. J. S. Hodge (eds.), Companion to the History of Modern Science. Routledge.
The Cambridge Companion to Darwin.Jonathan Hodge & Gregory Radick - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (2):389-391.

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Science’s Imagined Pasts.Adrian Wilson - 2017 - Isis 108 (4):814-826.
Darwinian Struggles: But is There Progress?Michael Ruse - 2009 - History of Science 47 (4):407-430.

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