Demarcation without Dogmas

Theoria 88 (3):701-720 (2022)
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Abstract

This paper reviews how research on the demarcation problem has developed, starting from Popper’s criterion of falsifiability and ending with recent naturalistically oriented approaches. The main differences between traditional and contemporary approaches to the problem are explicated in terms of six postulates called the traditional assumptions. It is argued that all of the assumptions can be dismissed without giving up on the demarcation problem and that doing so might benefit further discussions on pseudoscience. Four present-day research movements on evaluating the boundaries of science are introduced: (1) philosophy of pseudoscience, (2) social epistemology of dissent, (3) agnotology, and (4) evaluation of expertise. Researchers working within these areas have abandoned some or all traditional assumptions.

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Author Profiles

Ilmari Hirvonen
University of Helsinki
Janne Karisto
University of Helsinki

Citations of this work

Stance Pluralism, Scientology and the Problem of Relativism.Ragnar van der Merwe - forthcoming - Foundations of Science: DOI: 10.1007/s10699-022-09882-w.
Epistemological scientism and the scientific meta-method.Petri Turunen, Ilmari Hirvonen & Ilkka Pättiniemi - 2023 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 13 (2):1-23.
Incorrigible Science and Doctrinal Pseudoscience.Kåre Letrud - 2022 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 35 (3-4):269-278.

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References found in this work

Word and Object.Willard Van Orman Quine - 1960 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 17 (2):278-279.
The Logic of Scientific Discovery.Karl Popper - 1959 - Studia Logica 9:262-265.
The Fate of Knowledge.Helen E. Longino - 2002 - Princeton University Press.
Language, Truth, and Logic.A. J. Ayer - 1936 - Philosophy 23 (85):173-176.

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