The permissibility of using somatic cell nuclear transfer techniques on nonhuman animals

Abstract

Somatic cell nuclear transfer is the process of cloning that produced Dolly. In order to clone an animal using somatic cell nuclear transfer, a donor cell is collected from an animal that one wants to clone and placed in a culture with a very low concentration of nutrients. This starves the cell and causes it to stop dividing and causes it to switch off its active genes. Next an egg cell is collected [from a member of the same or compatible species] and the nucleus containing the DNA is removed. The two cells are then placed next to each other in a culture and an electric pulse fuses them together. A second electric pulse-which simulates the spark of fertilization-activates the cell and starts division. After about six days the resulting embryo is placed into a surrogate mother. When the gestation period is completed the clone is born. In this thesis I consider the permissibility of using this techniques to clone non-human animals

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