Synthese 140 (1-2):97 - 119 (2004)

Haim Gaifman
Columbia University
There are three sections in this paper. The first is a philosophical discussion of the general problem of reasoning under limited deductive capacity. The second sketches a rigorous way of assigning probabilities to statements in pure arithmetic; motivated by the preceding discussion, it can nonetheless be read separately. The third is a philosophical discussion that highlights the shifting contextual character of subjective probabilities and beliefs.
Keywords Philosophy   Philosophy   Epistemology   Logic   Metaphysics   Philosophy of Language
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1023/b:synt.0000029944.99888.a7
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,355
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Slightly More Realistic Personal Probability.Ian Hacking - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (4):311-325.
Probabilities Over Rich Languages, Testing and Randomness.Haim Gaifman & Marc Snir - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (3):495-548.
Hempel on Explaining Action.Donald Davidson - 1976 - Erkenntnis 10 (3):239 - 253.
Difficulties in the Theory of Personal Probability.Leonard J. Savage - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (4):305-310.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Logical Ignorance and Logical Learning.Richard Pettigrew - 2021 - Synthese 198 (10):9991-10020.
Subjective Probability as Sampling Propensity.Thomas Icard - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (4):863-903.
Bayesianism II: Applications and Criticisms.Kenny Easwaran - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (5):321-332.

View all 18 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Getting Fancy with Probability.Henry E. Kyburg - 1992 - Synthese 90 (2):189-203.
Subjective Probabilities as Basis for Scientific Reasoning?Franz Huber - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (1):101-116.
Henri Poincare and Bruno de Finetti: Conventions and Scientific Reasoning.S. B. - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (4):657-679.
Projective Probability.James Logue - 1995 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
New Aspects of the Probabilistic Evaluation of Hypotheses and Experience.Rainer Gottlob - 2000 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 14 (2):147 – 163.


Added to PP index

Total views
140 ( #84,647 of 2,519,632 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #406,756 of 2,519,632 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes