Galen's Necessary Causes in Medieval Arabic Sources

Dissertation, State University of New York at Binghamton (2002)

Reilly Fitzpatrick
Azusa Pacific University
This dissertation analyzes the six necessary causes from Galen's Ars parva in the work of three important Arabic physicians, namely Hunayn ibn Ishaq, al-Majusi and Ibn Sina. These causes, which play a minimal role in Galen's work, were expanded and elaborated upon in late Alexandrian and in Arabic medicine. Later the causes became the basis of European medicine's "six things non-natural," a concept that was an essential component of medicine in Europe for nearly eight hundred years. Fundamental changes have taken place between the original Arabic works and their Latin translations, most significantly concerning the terminology used by each of the original authors to refer to Galen's necessary causes. Recent quests for the original Galenic citation of the term "non-natural" have come up with several theories, none of which considered the Arabic sources in detail. This dissertation returns to the Arabic texts to determine what changes the necessary causes underwent to become known to Medieval and Renaissance medicine in Europe as the "six non-naturals." A key question raised is the extent to which the philosophical orientation of the author, in particular his relationship to Aristotle's works, played in determining his treatment of the causes
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 68,975
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

In the Translator's Workshop.Uwe Vagelpohl - 2011 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 21 (2):249-288.
Hermes Arabicus.Kevin Thomas van Bladel - 2004 - Dissertation, Yale University
New Light on Galen's Moral Philosophy.Richard Walzer - 1949 - Classical Quarterly 43 (1-2):82-.
Selected Works. Galen & Galenus - 1997 - Oxford University Press USA.
Lead and Tin in Arabic Alchemy.Bassam I. El-Eswed - 2002 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 12 (1):139-153.
Das Arabische als Vermittler und Anreger europäischer Wissenschaftssprache†.Paul Kunitzsch - 1994 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 17 (3):145-152.
Galen and the Syllogism.Nicholas Rescher - 1966 - Pittsburgh, PA, USA: University of Pittsburgh Press.


Added to PP index

Total views

Recent downloads (6 months)

How can I increase my downloads?


Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.

My notes