New Perspectives on the History of Life Sciences and Agriculture

Springer Verlag (2015)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

This chapter examines biological practice in relation to agricultural management at the Dutch botanical garden at Buitenzorg, Java. Melchior Treub, Buitenzorg’s director from 1880 to 1909, fundamentally transformed the garden by expanding and developing its facilities, partly in response to the need to control diseases of both plants and humans. The Garden attracted foreign scientists from around the world and became a model for biological stations elsewhere. Garden scientists also led in the disciplinary transformation of morphological science around 1900. In response to problems of tropical biology and agriculture, evolutionary morphology developed into a new kind of science that embraced an ecological approach involving both field and laboratory research. This new conception of morphology departed dramatically from the understanding of morphology as the speculative construction of evolutionary trees, the predominant view in the European university. The Garden provides an exceptionally good location to assess the transformations occurring in biological science around 1900. Instead of the idea that there was a “revolt” from morphology at this time, we can see that there was instead a transformation and reinvention of the morphological orientation, one that depended on a cooperative relationship between more academic and corporate approaches to science, parallel to the study of cooperation processes in the environment itself

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,227

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Chapters

Similar books and articles

Reflections on the reproductive sciences in agriculture in the UK and US, ca. 1900–2000+.Adele E. Clarke - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2):316-339.

Analytics

Added to PP
2015-04-28

Downloads
22 (#712,914)

6 months
8 (#370,225)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

Charting the history of agricultural experiments.Giuditta Parolini - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 37 (3):231-241.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references