Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (4):375-391 (2013)

Abstract
Child labor is often condemned as a form of exploitation. I explore how the notion of exploitation, as used in everyday language, can be made precise in economic models of child labor. Exploitation is defined relative to a specific social welfare function. I first show that under the standard dynastic social welfare function, which is commonly applied to intergenerational models, child labor is never exploitative. In contrast, under an inclusive welfare function, which places additional weight on the welfare of children, child labor is always exploitative. Neither welfare function captures the more gradual distinctions that common usage of the term exploitation allows. I resolve this conflict by introducing a welfare function with minimum altruism, in which child labor in a given family is judged relative to a specific social standard. Under this criterion, child labor is exploitative only in families where the parent displays insufficient altruism towards the child. I argue that this welfare function best captures the conventional concept of exploitation and has useful properties for informing political choices regarding child labor.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1177/1470594X13496066
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,811
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Utilitarianism and Welfarism.Amartya Sen - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (9):463-489.
Should Marxists Be Interested in Exploitation?John E. Roemer - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):30-65.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Distinguishing Injustice, Exploitation and Harm.Elias L. Khalil - 2017 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 64 (152):24-52.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Welfare of the Child.John Harris - 2000 - Health Care Analysis 8 (1):27-34.
Epistemic Exploitation.Nora Berenstain - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3:569-590.
Marx, Engels, and the Idea of Exploitation.Greg Godels - 1997 - Nature, Society, and Thought 10 (4):509--522.
Exploitation.Allen W. Wood - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):136--158.
Exploitation and Sweatshop Labor: Perspectives and Issues.Jeremy Snyder - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (2):187-213.
Marx and Cohen on Exploitation and the Labor Theory of Value.Nancy Holmstrom - 1983 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):287 – 307.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-09-12

Total views
45 ( #242,799 of 2,463,190 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #223,581 of 2,463,190 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes