Authors
Marina DiMarco
University of Pittsburgh
Abstract
In their 1987 Nature publication, “Mitochondrial DNA and Human Evolution,” Rebecca Cann, Mark Stoneking, and Allan C. Wilson gave a new reconstruction of human evolution on the basis of differences in mitochondrial DNA among contemporary human populations. This phylogeny included an African common ancestor for all human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) lineages, and Cann et al.’s reconstruction became known as the “Out of Africa” hypothesis. Since mtDNA is inherited exclusively through the maternal line, the common ancestor who was first branded African Eve later became known as Mitochondrial Eve (mtEve, for short). In this paper, I show that mtEve was not a single, successful, or purely scientific discovery. Instead, she was produced many times and in many ways, each of which informed the next. Importantly, though Wilson and colleagues heralded mitochondrial DNA as a source of certainty, objectivity, and consensus for evolutionary inference, their productions of Mitochondrial Eve depended as much on popular assumptions about the certainty of maternal inheritance as they did on new molecular and computational tools. This recognition lets us reevaluate the complex consequences of these productions, which, like mtEve herself, could not be confined to a purely social, material, or scientific dimension.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.shpsc.2020.101290
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 70,039
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

On a Certain Method of Producing Logical Matrices.Zdzislaw Dywan - 1985 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 14 (1):2-5.
Rejecting Empathy for Animal Ethics.T. J. Kasperbauer - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (4):817-833.
Nachdenken Über Die Welt. Erklären Und Erzählen in der Kosmologie.Michael Hampe - 2015 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 40 (2-3).
Psychology Supports Independence of Phenomenal Consciousness.Tyler Burge - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):500-501.
Leben Herstellen.Sebastian Rödl - 2014 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 62 (1):74-89.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-08-13

Total views
12 ( #809,112 of 2,506,014 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #277,268 of 2,506,014 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes