Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):991-1005 (2018)

ABSTRACTPeople often continue to rely on misinformation in their reasoning after they have acknowledged a retraction; this phenomenon is known as the continued-influence effect. Retractions can be particularly ineffective when the retracted misinformation is consistent with a pre-existing worldview. We investigated this effect in the context of depressive rumination. Given the prevalence of depressotypic worldviews in depressive rumination, we hypothesised that depressive rumination may affect the processing of retractions of valenced misinformation; specifically, we predicted that the retraction of negative misinformation might be less effective in depressive ruminators. In two experiments, we found evidence against this hypothesis: in depressive ruminators, retractions of negative misinformation were at least as effective as they were in control participants, and more effective than retractions of positive misinformation. Findings are interpreted in terms of an attentional bias that may enhance the sali...
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Reprint years 2019
DOI 10.1080/02699931.2018.1533808
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Self-Discrepancy: A Theory Relating Self and Affect.E. Tory Higgins - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (3):319-340.
Updating Positive and Negative Stimuli in Working Memory in Depression.Sara M. Levens & Ian H. Gotlib - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (4):654-664.

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Is Depressive Rumination Rational?Timothy Lane & Georg Northoff - 2016 - In T. W. Hung & T. J. Lane (eds.), Rationality: Constraints and Contexts. Oxford, UK: Elsevier. pp. 121-145.


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