Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):1-37 (2008)

Abstract
Purpose: Constructivism postulates that the perceived reality is a complex construct formed during development. Depending on the particular school, these inner constructs take on different forms and structures and affect cognition in different ways. The purpose of this article is to address the questions of how and, even more importantly, why we form such inner constructs. Approach: This article proposes that brain development is controlled by an inherent anticipatory drive, which biases learning towards the formation of forward predictive structures and inverse goal-oriented control structures. This drive, in combination with increasingly complex environmental interactions during cognitive development, enforces the structuring of our conscious self, which is embedded in a constructed inner reality. Essentially, the following questions are addressed: Which basic mechanisms lead us to the construction of inner realities? How are these emergent inner realities structured? How is the self represented within the inner realities? And consequently, which cognitive structures constitute the media for conscious thought and selfconsciousness? Findings: Due to the anticipatory drive, representations in the brain shape themselves predominantly purposefully or intentionally. Taking a developmental, evolutionary perspective, we show how the brain is forced to develop progressively complex and abstract representations of the self embedded in the constructed inner realities. These self representations can evoke different stages of self-consciousness. Implications: The anticipatory drive shapes brain structures and cognition during the development of progressively more complex, competent, and flexible goal-oriented bodyenvironment interactions. Self-consciousness develops because increasingly abstract, individualizing self representations are necessary to realize these progressively more challenging environmental interactions
Keywords anticipatory drive  self consciousness  mirror neurons  sensorimotor bodyspaces  language  social cognition
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 72,577
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Unified Theories of Cognition.Allen Newell - 1990 - Harvard University Press.

View all 58 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Attenuating Oneself.Jakub Limanowski & Karl Friston - 2020 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 1 (I):1-16.
Mario Becomes Cognitive.Fabian Schrodt, Jan Kneissler, Stephan Ehrenfeld & Martin V. Butz - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (2):343-373.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Mirror Neurons and Social Cognition.Shannon Spaulding - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (2):233-257.
Consciousness and Brain Function.Grant R. Gillett - 1988 - Philosophical Psychology 1 (3):325-39.
A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness.Bernard J. Baars - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
Neurons Don’T Represent.Wolfgang Prinz - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):572-573.
Mirror Neurons: A Sensorimotor Representation System.Vittorio Gallese & Christian Keysers - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):983-984.
Consciousness and its Discontents.Dan Lloyd - 1997 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 30 (3-4):273-284.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-11-01

Total views
46 ( #250,104 of 2,533,585 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #261,212 of 2,533,585 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes