The Journal of Ethics 3 (3):225-247 (1999)

Richard J. Arneson
University of California, San Diego
This essay examines several possible rationales for the egalitarian judgment that justice requires better-off individuals to help those who are worse off even in the absence of social interaction. These rationales include equality (everyone should enjoy the same level of benefits), moral meritocracy (each should get benefits according to her responsibility or deservingness), the threshold of sufficiency (each should be assured a minimally decent quality of life), prioritarianism (a function of benefits to individuals should be maximized that gives priority to the worse off), and mixed views. A case is made for adopting either prioritarianism or a mixed view that gives priority both to the worse off and to the more responsible and deserving
Keywords desert  equality  prioritarianism  responsibility
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DOI 10.1023/a:1009874016786
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References found in this work BETA

Equality as a Moral Ideal.Harry Frankfurt - 1987 - Ethics 98 (1):21-43.
Noncomparative Justice.Joel Feinberg - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (3):297-338.

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