Defining Fake News

Kriterion – Journal of Philosophy 35 (3):197-215 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Fake news is a worrying phenomenon which is growing increasingly widespread, partly because of the ease with which it is disseminated online. Combating the spread of fake news requires a clear understanding of the nature of fake news. However, the use of the term in everyday language is heterogenous and has no fixed meaning. Despite increasing philosophical attention to the topic, there is no consensus on the correct definition of “fake news” within philosophy either. This paper aims to bring clarity to the philosophical debate of fake news in two ways: Firstly, by providing an overview of existing philosophical definitions and secondly, by developing a new account of fake news. This paper will identify where there is agreement within the philosophical debate of definitions of “fake news” and isolate four key questions on which there is genuine disagreement. These concern the intentionality underlying fake news, its truth value, the question of whether fake news needs to reach a minimum audience, and the question of whether an account of fake news needs to be dynamic. By answering these four questions, I provide a novel account of defining “fake news”. This new definition hinges upon the fact that fake news has the function of being deliberately misleading about its own status as news.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 93,069

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Speaking of Fake News: Definitions and Dimensions.Romy Jaster & David Lanius - 2021 - In Sven Bernecker, Amy K. Flowerree & Thomas Grundmann (eds.), The Epistemology of Fake News. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp. 19-45.
What is fake news?Romy Jaster & David Lanius - 2018 - Versus 2 (127):207-227.
Fake News: A Definition.Axel Gelfert - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):84-117.
What is fake news?M. R. X. Dentith - 2018 - University of Bucharest Review (2):24-34.
The Fake News about Fake News.David Coady - 2021 - In Sven Bernecker, Amy K. Flowerree & Thomas Grundmann (eds.), The Epistemology of Fake News. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
The Epistemology of Fake News.Sven Bernecker, Amy K. Flowerree & Thomas Grundmann (eds.) - 2021 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
What’s New About Fake News?Jessica Pepp, Eliot Michaelson & Rachel Sterken - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 16 (2):67-94.
Fake News and Democracy.Merten Reglitz - 2022 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 22 (2): 162-187.

Analytics

Added to PP
2022-01-04

Downloads
88 (#197,767)

6 months
25 (#118,497)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Glenn Anderau
University of Zürich

References found in this work

Stop Talking about Fake News!Joshua Habgood-Coote - 2019 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 62 (9-10):1033-1065.
Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy.Bernard Williams - 2002 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Fake News and Partisan Epistemology.Regina Rini - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (S2):43-64.

View all 23 references / Add more references