The Poincaré Pear and Poincaré-Darwin Fission Theory in Astrophysics, 1885-1901

Philosophia Scientiae (forthcoming)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

In the early 1880s, Henri Poincaré discovered an equilibrium figure for uniformly-rotating fluid masses—the pear, or piriform figure—and speculated that in certain circumstances the pear splits into two unequal parts, and provides thereby a model for the origin of binary stars. The contemporary emergence of photometric and spectroscopic studies of variable stars fueled the first models of eclipsing binaries, and provided empirical support for a realist view of equilibrium figures—including the pear—in the cosmic realm. The paper reviews astrophysical interpretation of the Poincaré pear and the Poincaré-Darwin fission hypothesis with respect to research on variable stars from 1885 to 1901.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,139

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Poincaré-Week in Göttingen, in Light of the Hilbert-Poincaré Correspondence of 1908–1909.Scott A. Walter - 2018 - In Maria Teresa Borgato, Erwin Neuenschwander & Irène Passeron (eds.), Mathematical Correspondences and Critical Editions. Springer Verlag. pp. 297-310.
Forum: Poincaré Reconsidered, One Hundred Years Afterwards (Introduction).Sarkar Sahotra - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):239-241.
Poincaré and the Origins of Special Relativity.John Stachel - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):242-256.
Poincaré’s aesthetics of science.Milena Ivanova - 2017 - Synthese 194 (7):2581-2594.
Poincaré, Le Roy, and the Nouveau positivisme.María de Paz - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (2):446-460.
Sur la théorie des sciences d’Henri Poincaré.Hugo Dingler - 2014 - Philosophia Scientiae 18:57-62.
Henri Poincaré's philosophy of science.David Stump - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (3):335-363.
Poincaré’s works leading to the Poincaré conjecture.Lizhen Ji & Chang Wang - 2022 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 76 (3):223-260.
Letters to the Editor.Scott A. Walter - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):374-374.

Analytics

Added to PP
2023-10-21

Downloads
4 (#1,517,814)

6 months
4 (#573,918)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Scott A. Walter
Nantes University

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Beyond the planets: early nineteenth-century studies of double stars.Mari Williams - 1984 - British Journal for the History of Science 17 (3):295-309.
The implicit function theorem and its substitutes in Poincaré׳s qualitative theory of differential equations.Jean Mawhin - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 47:124-130.

Add more references