Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (4):493-527 (2004)

Abstract
In this paper I will discuss why (un) marked expressionstypically get an (un)marked interpretation: Horn''sdivision of pragmatic labor. It is argued that it is aconventional fact that we use language this way.This convention will be explained in terms ofthe equilibria of signalling games introduced byLewis (1969), but now in an evolutionary setting. Iwill also relate this signalling game analysis withParikh''s (1991, 2000, 2001) game-theoretical analysis ofsuccessful communication, which in turn is compared withBlutner''s: 2000) bi-directional optimality theory.
Keywords Linguistics   Philosophy of Language   Artificial Intelligence   Computational Linguistics   Semantics   Syntax
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Reprint years 2005
DOI 10.1023/B:LING.0000024403.88733.3f
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References found in this work BETA

Convention: A Philosophical Study.David Kellogg Lewis - 1969 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Meaning.Herbert Paul Grice - 1957 - Philosophical Review 66 (3):377-388.
Evolution of the Social Contract.Brian Skyrms - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
Truth by Convention.W. V. Quine - 1936 - In Philosophical Essays for Alfred North Whitehead. London: Longmans, Green & Co.. pp. 90–124.

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Citations of this work BETA

Implicature.Wayne Davis - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
On Unidirectionality in Precisification.Peter Klecha - 2018 - Linguistics and Philosophy 41 (1):87-124.
Quality and Quantity of Information Exchange.Robert van Rooy - 2003 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (4):423-451.

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