Results for 'Syntax'

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  1. The Mythico-Ritual Syntax of Omnipotence By Lawrence, David Philosophy East & West V. 48: 4 (1998.10).Diverging Mythico-Ritual Syntaxes - 1998 - Philosophy East and West 48 (4):592-622.
  2.  27
    Logical Syntax of Language.Rudolf Carnap - 1937 - Routledge.
    First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  3. Syntax and Semantics of Questions.Lauri Karttunen - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):3--44.
    W. Labov's & T. Labov's findings concerning their child grammar acquisition ("Learning the Syntax of Questions" in Recent Advances in the Psychology of Language, Campbell, R. & Smith, P. Eds, New York: Plenum Press, 1978) are interpreted in terms of different semantics of why & other wh-questions. Z. Dubiel.
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  4.  7
    Syntax and Semantics: Pragmatics.Peter Cole (ed.) - 1978 - Academic Press.
    Vols. for 1972- include papers from the Summer Linguistics Conference, University of California, Santa Cruz.
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  5.  91
    Functional Syntax: Anaphora, Discourse, and Empathy.Susumu Kuno - 1987 - University of Chicago Press.
    I CATEGORIES AND PRINCIPLES ii Introductory Remarks The value of linguistics as a cognitive science lies largely in its potential for providing insights ...
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  6.  10
    Core Syntax: A Minimalist Approach.David Adger - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    This is an introduction to the structure of sentences in human languages. It assumes no prior knowledge of linguistic theory and little of elementary grammar. It will suit students coming to syntactic theory for the first time either as graduates or undergraduates. It will also be useful for those in fields such as computational science, artificial intelligence, or cognitive psychology who need a sound knowledge of current syntactic theory.
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  7. Syntax, More or Less.John Collins - 2007 - Mind 116 (464):805-850.
    Much of the best contemporary work in the philosophy of language and content makes appeal to the theories developed in generative syntax. In particular, there is a presumption that—at some level and in some way—the structures provided by syntactic theory mesh with or support our conception of content/linguistic meaning as grounded in our first-person understanding of our communicative speech acts. This paper will suggest that there is no such tight fit. Its claim will be that, if recent generative theories (...)
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  8. The Logical Syntax of Language.Rudolf Carnap - 1937 - London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co..
    Available for the first time in 20 years, here is the Rudolf Carnap's famous principle of tolerance by which everyone is free to mix and match the rules of ...
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  9.  12
    The Syntax of Principles: Genericity as a Logical Distinction Between Rules and Principles.Pedro Moniz Lopes - 2017 - Ratio Juris 30 (4):471-490.
    Much has been said about the logical difference between rules and principles, yet few authors have focused on the distinct logical connectives linking the normative conditions of both norms. I intend to demonstrate that principles, unlike rules, are norms whose antecedents are linguistically formulated in a generic fashion, and thus logically described as inclusive disjunctions. This core feature incorporates the relevance criteria of normative antecedents into the world of principles and also explains their aptitude to conflict with opposing norms, namely (...)
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  10.  13
    Syntax: A Generative Introduction.Andrew Carnie - 2006 - Blackwell.
    Building on the success of the bestselling first edition, the second edition of this textbook provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the major issues in Principles and Parameters syntactic theory, including phrase structure, the lexicon, case theory, movement, and locality conditions. Includes new and extended problem sets in every chapter, all of which have been annotated for level and skill type. Features three new chapters on advanced topics including vP shells, object shells, control, gapping and ellipsis and an additional (...)
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  11.  1
    Syntax of Hittite Imma.Andrei Sideltsev - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 140 (2):361.
    Building upon Melchert 1985, I assess the syntax of Hittite imma with special attention to its second-position requirement.
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  12. Simpler Syntax.Peter W. Culicover & Ray Jackendoff - 2005 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This groundbreaking book offers a new and compelling perspective on the structure of human language. The fundamental issue it addresses is the proper balance between syntax and semantics, between structure and derivation, and between rule systems and lexicon. It argues that the balance struck by mainstream generative grammar is wrong. It puts forward a new basis for syntactic theory, drawing on a wide range of frameworks, and charts new directions for research. In the past four decades, theories of syntactic (...)
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  13. Syntax, Semantics, and Computer Programs.William J. Rapaport - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (2):309-321.
    Turner argues that computer programs must have purposes, that implementation is not a kind of semantics, and that computers might need to understand what they do. I respectfully disagree: Computer programs need not have purposes, implementation is a kind of semantic interpretation, and neither human computers nor computing machines need to understand what they do.
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  14.  34
    Bare Syntax.Cedric Boeckx - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Cedric Boeckx focuses on two core components of grammar: phrase structure and locality.
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  15. Logische Syntax der Sprache.R. Carnap - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (41):110-114.
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  16.  73
    Syntax as an Emergent Characteristic of the Evolution of Semantic Complexity.P. Thomas Schoenemann - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (3):309-346.
    It is commonly argued that the rules of language, as distinct from its semantic features, are the characteristics which most clearly distinguish language from the communication systems of other species. A number of linguists (e.g., Chomsky 1972, 1980; Pinker 1994) have suggested that the universal features of grammar (UG) are unique human adaptations showing no evolutionary continuities with any other species. However, recent summaries of the substantive features of UG are quite remarkable in the very general nature of the features (...)
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  17. Syntax, Semantics, Physics.John Haugeland - 2003 - In John M. Preston & Michael A. Bishop (eds.), Views Into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. Oxford University Press.
  18.  4
    Logical Syntax of Language.Rudolf Carnap - 2001 - Routledge.
    First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  19.  51
    The Syntax of Anaphora.Ken Safir - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    One of the most important discoveries of the last thirty years is the extent to which the pattern of anaphoric interpretations is determined by the geometry of syntactic structure. As our understanding of these phenomena has steadily grown, the theory of syntax has often been driven by discoveries in this domain, and it is no accident that Chomsky's Binding Theory was a centerpiece of the principles and parameters approach of the 1980s. However, what remained accidental in Chomsky's theory, and (...)
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  20.  84
    Shadows of Syntax: Revitalizing Logical and Mathematical Conventionalism.Jared Warren - 2020 - New York, USA: Oxford University Press.
    What is the source of logical and mathematical truth? This book revitalizes conventionalism as an answer to this question. Conventionalism takes logical and mathematical truth to have their source in linguistic conventions. This was an extremely popular view in the early 20th century, but it was never worked out in detail and is now almost universally rejected in mainstream philosophical circles. Shadows of Syntax is the first book-length treatment and defense of a combined conventionalist theory of logic and mathematics. (...)
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  21.  14
    Is Syntax Semantically Constrained? Evidence From a Grammaticality Judgment Study of Indonesian.I. Nyoman Aryawibawa & Ben Ambridge - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):3135-3148.
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  22.  28
    Syntax in a Dynamic Brain.James Garson - 1997 - Synthese 110 (3):343-55.
    Proponents of the language of thought (LOT) thesis are realists when it comes to syntactically structured representations, and must defend their view against instrumentalists, who would claim that syntactic structures may be useful in describing cognition, but have no more causal powers in governing cognition than do the equations of physics in guiding the planets. This paper explores what it will take to provide an argument for LOT that can defend its conclusion from instrumentalism. I illustrate a difficulty in this (...)
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  23. Syntax and Intentionality: An Automatic Link Between Language and Theory-of-Mind.Brent Strickland, Matthew Fisher, Frank Keil & Joshua Knobe - 2014 - Cognition 133 (1):249–261.
    Three studies provided evidence that syntax influences intentionality judgments. In Experiment 1, participants made either speeded or unspeeded intentionality judgments about ambiguously intentional subjects or objects. Participants were more likely to judge grammatical subjects as acting intentionally in the speeded relative to the reflective condition (thus showing an intentionality bias), but grammatical objects revealed the opposite pattern of results (thus showing an unintentionality bias). In Experiment 2, participants made an intentionality judgment about one of the two actors in a (...)
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  24. The Syntax of Crossing Coreference Sentences.Pauline I. Jacobson - 1980 - Garland.
  25.  5
    Logische Syntax der Sprache.Jörgen Jörgenfen - 1934 - Erkenntnis 4 (1):419-422.
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  26. Sex, Syntax, and Semantics.Lera Boroditsky, Lauren A. Schmidt & Webb Phillips - 2003 - In Dedre Getner & Susan Goldin-Meadow (eds.), Language in Mind: Advances in the Study of Language and Thought. MIT Press. pp. 61--79.
  27. Logical Syntax of Language.Rudolf Carnap - 1937 - Routledge.
    First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
     
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  28.  12
    Syntax of Testimony: Indexical Objects, Syntax, and Language or How to Tell a Story Without Words.Till Nikolaus von Heiseler - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Language—often said to set human beings apart from other animals—has resisted explanation in terms of evolution. Language has—among others—two fundamental and distinctive features: syntax and the ability to express non-present actions and events. We suggest that the relation between this representation (of non-present action) and syntax can be analyzed as a relation between a function and a structure to fulfill this function. The strategy of the paper is to ask if there is any evidence of pre-linguistic communication that (...)
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  29. Logical Syntax in Wittgenstein's Tractatus.Cora Diamond - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (218):78 - 89.
    P.M.S. Hacker has argued that there are numerous misconceptions in James Conant's account of Wittgenstein's views and of those of Carnap. I discuss only Hacker's treatment of Conant on logical syntax in the _Tractatus. I try to show that passages in the _Tractatus which Hacker takes to count strongly against Conant's view do no such thing, and that he himself has not explained how he can account for a significant passage which certainly appears to support Conant's reading.
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  30.  42
    Embeddability, Syntax, and Semantics in Accounts of Scientific Theories.Peter Turney - 1990 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 19 (4):429 - 451.
    Recently several philosophers of science have proposed what has come to be known as the semantic account of scientific theories. It is presented as an improvement on the positivist account, which is now called the syntactic account of scientific theories. Bas van Fraassen claims that the syntactic account does not give a satisfactory definition of "empirical adequacy" and "empirical equivalence". He contends that his own semantic account does define these notations acceptably, through the concept of "embeddability", a concept which he (...)
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  31.  27
    Syntax Meets Semantics During Brain Logical Computations.Arturo Tozzi, James F. Peters, Andrew And Alexander Fingelkurts & Leonid Perlovsky - 2018 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 140:133-141.
    The discrepancy between syntax and semantics is a painstaking issue that hinders a better comprehension of the underlying neuronal processes in the human brain. In order to tackle the issue, we at first describe a striking correlation between Wittgenstein's Tractatus, that assesses the syntactic relationships between language and world, and Perlovsky's joint language-cognitive computational model, that assesses the semantic relationships between emotions and “knowledge instinct”. Once established a correlation between a purely logical approach to the language and computable psychological (...)
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  32. Searle, Syntax, and Observer Relativity.Ronald P. Endicott - 1996 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):101-22.
    I critically examine some provocative arguments that John Searle presents in his book The Rediscovery of Mind to support the claim that the syntactic states of a classical computational system are "observer relative" or "mind dependent" or otherwise less than fully and objectively real. I begin by explaining how this claim differs from Searle's earlier and more well-known claim that the physical states of a machine, including the syntactic states, are insufficient to determine its semantics. In contrast, his more recent (...)
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  33. The Syntax and Semantics of Quotation.Barbara Partee - 1973 - In S. R. Anderson & P. Kiparsky (eds.), A Festschrift for Morris Halle. New York: Holt, Reinehart and Winston. pp. 410-418.
  34.  6
    Dynamic Syntax: The Dynamics of Incremental Processing: Constraints on Underspecification.Christine Howes & Hannah Gibson - 2021 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 30 (2):263-276.
    Dynamic Syntax is an action-based grammar formalism which models the process of natural language understanding as monotonic tree growth. This paper presents an introduction to the notions of incrementality and underspecification and update, drawing on the assumptions made by DS. It lays out the tools of the theoretical framework that are necessary to understand the accounts developed in the other contributions to the Special Issue. It also represents an up-to-date account of the framework, combining the developments that have previously (...)
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  35.  31
    Theory of Language Syntax. Categorial Approach.Urszula Wybraniec-Skardowska - 1991 - Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This book presents a formal and philosophical analysis of language syntax. It refers to some ideas of E.Husserl and G. Frege, to S. Leśniewski's theory of syntactic categories and K. Ajdukiewicz's conception of formal grammar, also to Ch.S. Pierces's distinction between tokens (concrete linguistic entities) and types (ideal linguistic entities) and to A.A. Markov's theory of algorithms. The central aim of the book is - in the spirit of these ideas - to provide both strict yet comprehensive lectures on (...)
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  36.  62
    The Syntax of Personal Taste.John Collins - 2013 - Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):51-103.
  37. Separating Syntax and Combinatorics in Categorial Grammar.Reinhard Muskens - 2007 - Research on Language and Computation 5 (3):267-285.
    The ‘syntax’ and ‘combinatorics’ of my title are what Curry (1961) referred to as phenogrammatics and tectogrammatics respectively. Tectogrammatics is concerned with the abstract combinatorial structure of the grammar and directly informs semantics, while phenogrammatics deals with concrete operations on syntactic data structures such as trees or strings. In a series of previous papers (Muskens, 2001a; Muskens, 2001b; Muskens, 2003) I have argued for an architecture of the grammar in which finite sequences of lambda terms are the basic data (...)
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  38. Logical Syntax and Semantics: Their Linguistic Relevance.Noam Chomsky - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):72-72.
    The relation between linguistics and logic has been discussed in a, recent paper by Bar-Hillel} where it is argued that a disregard for workin logical syntax and semantics has caused linguists to limit themselves too narrowly in their inquiries, and to fall into several errors. In particular, Bar-Hillel asserts, they have attempted to derive relations of synonymy and so-called ‘rules of transfOI`1'Il8.tiOH,, such as the active—pussive relation, from distributional studies alone, and they have hesitated to rely on considerations of (...)
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  39.  59
    The Neurology of Syntax: Language Use Without Broca's Area.Yosef Grodzinsky - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):1-21.
    A new view of the functional role of the left anterior cortex in language use is proposed. The experimental record indicates that most human linguistic abilities are not localized in this region. In particular, most of syntax (long thought to be there) is not located in Broca's area and its vicinity (operculum, insula, and subjacent white matter). This cerebral region, implicated in Broca's aphasia, does have a role in syntactic processing, but a highly specific one: It is the neural (...)
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  40.  32
    Making Syntax of Sense: Number Agreement in Sentence Production.Kathleen M. Eberhard, J. Cooper Cutting & Kathryn Bock - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (3):531-559.
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  41. The Syntax and Interpretation of Temporal Expressions in English.Carlota S. Smith - 1978 - Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (1):43 - 99.
    The only obligatory temporal expression in English is tense, yet Hans Reichenbach (1947) has argued convincingly that the simplest sentence is understood in terms of three temporal notions. Additional possibilities for a simple sentence are limited: English sentences have one time adverbial each. It is not immediately clear how to resolve these matters, that is, how (if at all) Reichenbach's account can be reconciled with the facts of English. This paper attempts to show that they can be reconciled, and presents (...)
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  42.  31
    The Syntax of Event Structure.James Pustejovsky - 1992 - In Beth Levin & Steven Pinker (eds.), Lexical & Conceptual Semantics. Blackwell. pp. 47-81.
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  43. Narrow Syntax and the Language of Thought.Wolfram Hinzen - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (1):1-23.
    A traditional view maintains that thought, while expressed in language, is non-linguistic in nature and occurs in non-linguistic beings as well. I assess this view against current theories of the evolutionary design of human grammar. I argue that even if some forms of human thought are shared with non-human animals, a residue remains that characterizes a unique way in which human thought is organized as a system. I explore the hypothesis that the cause of this difference is a grammatical way (...)
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  44. Linear Syntax.Andreas Kathol - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Linear Syntax makes a case for a critical reassessment of the wide-spread view that syntax can be reduced to tree structures. It argues that a crucial part of the description of German clausal syntax should instead be based on concepts that are defined in terms of linear order. By connecting the descriptive tools of modern phrase-structure grammar with traditional descriptive scholarship, Andreas Kathol offers a new perspective on many long-standing problems in syntactic theory.
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  45.  10
    The Logical Syntax of Language.Rudolf Carnap - 1937 - London: Routledge.
  46.  59
    Syntax, Semantics, and Ontology: A Probabilistic Causal Calculus.James H. Fetzer & Donald E. Nute - 1979 - Synthese 40 (3):453 - 495.
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  47. Syntax, Semantics, and Levels of Explanation.Jose Luis Bermudez - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (180):361-367.
  48. Logische Syntax der Sprache.Rudolf Carnap & M. Black - 1935 - Mind 44 (176):499-511.
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  49.  24
    The Syntax of Violence. Between Hegel and Marx.Vittorio Morfino - 2009 - Historical Materialism 17 (3):81-100.
    The Marxian Thesis about the role of violence in History, as it is enunciated in The Capital, is investigated through an analysis of the Hegelian character of its syntax, and the way Engels develops it; a non-teleological interpretation of the thesis is then defended, one that understands that violence presents a plurality of forms, a pervasive character and a heavy materiality.Trata-se de investigar a tese marxiana acerca do papel da violência na história, tal como enunciada em O Capital, analisando (...)
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  50. Syntax or Semantics? Response to Lidz Et Al.Michael Tomasello - 2004 - Cognition 93 (2):139-140.
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