In Livia Kohn (ed.), Coming to Terms with Timelessness. Daoist Time in Comparative Perspective. St. Petersburg, FL, USA: pp. 26-49 (2021)

Authors
Mercedes Valmisa
Gettysburg College
Abstract
This paper leads us in reflections regarding the ontological status of a situation inspired by two main sources: the Zhuangzi--a multifarious compilation from Warring States China (ca. 4th c. BCE)--and José Ortega y Gasset's (1883-1955) Unas Lecciones de Metafísica (Some Lessons in Metaphysics)--the transcripts of a course on metaphysics by a Spanish philosopher of the early 20th century. Much as other ontologically subjective entities and events, situations do not preexist the intentional subject: instead, they are created alongside our act of noticing. In Classical Chinese, shi , commonly rendered "propensity" and the closest the language comes to our concept of situation, denotes a dynamic process that incorporates the conscious subjective agent as well as other entities as constitutive elements. Here a situation is not reducible to the discrete phenomena and events that we can discern within a given space-time; rather, it necessitates our thinking about it to arise. These ontological reflections are important for a philosophy of action. They help us notice the role of attention in the creation of situations--as in the creation of worlds--hence the importance of understanding what the agent notices and fails to notice, what we privilege as worthy of our attention and what passes inadvertent among the world's plural affordances. The relational affordances that we actualize and reify as constituting a situation depend on what we are socialized and educated to see when looking at the world, thus situations and agents co-create one another over time. This acknowledgement is crucial to retrain our agency in order to illuminate our blind spots, overcome our uncritical certainties which generate absolutist tendencies, and move beyond fixed, reduced, and contingent corners from which to interpret the world.
Keywords situation   comparative philosophy   Zhuangzi   Ortega y Gasset   ontology   philosophy of action   affordances   attention
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Construction of Social Reality.John R. Searle - 1995 - Philosophy 71 (276):313-315.
The Fixation of Belief.Charles S. Peirce - 2011 - In Robert B. Talisse & Scott F. Aikin (eds.), The Pragmatism Reader: From Peirce Through the Present. Princeton University Press. pp. 37-49.
The Philosophy of the Daodejing.Hans-Georg Moeller - 2006 - Columbia University Press.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

In Defence of Theory in Ethics.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):571 - 593.
In Defense of Theory in Ethics.Tännsjö Torbjörn - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):4.
Action, Interaction and Reflection in the Ontology of Ortega y Gasset.Angel Medina - 1978 - In Ronald Bruzina & Bruce W. Wilshire (eds.), Crosscurrents in Phenomenology. Martinus Nijhoff. pp. 66--106.
The Situation Calculus: A Case for Modal Logic. [REVIEW]Gerhard Lakemeyer - 2010 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19 (4):431-450.
An Utterance Situation-Based Comparison.Osamu Sawada - 2014 - Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (3):205-248.
Ortega y Gasset: An Outline of His Philosophy. [REVIEW]K. B. L. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (1):165-166.
Wozu berechtigt Not?: Ein Plädoyer für eine Notethik.Reinold Schmücker - 2014 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 62 (6):1090-1105.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-12-20

Total views
71 ( #165,406 of 2,533,584 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
30 ( #30,166 of 2,533,584 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes