How to Express Implicit Attitudes

Philosophical Quarterly 74 (1):251-272 (2024)
  Copy   BIBTEX


I argue that what speakers mean or express can be determined by their implicit or unconscious states, rather than explicit or conscious states. Further, on this basis, I show that the sincerity conditions for utterances can also be fixed by implicit states. This is a surprising result which goes against common assumptions about speech acts and sincerity. Roughly, I argue that the result is implied by two plausible and independent theories of the metaphysics of speaker meaning and, further, that this is a robust basis on which to make an inference, with a fair degree of confidence, about the relationship between expression and implicit attitudes.

Similar books and articles

Implicit Attitudes Are (Probably) Beliefs.Joseph Bendana - 2021 - In Cristina Borgoni, Dirk Kindermann & Andrea Onofri (eds.), The Fragmented Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-377.
Implicit attitudes and implicit prejudices.René Baston & Gottfried Vosgerau - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (6):889-903.
The rational dynamics of implicit thought.Brett Karlan - 2022 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 100 (4):774-788.


Added to PP

503 (#40,650)

6 months
180 (#21,158)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Elmar Unnsteinsson
University College Dublin

Citations of this work

Talking About: A Response to Bowker, Keiser, Michaelson.Elmar Unnsteinsson - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.

Add more citations

References found in this work

How to do things with words.John Langshaw Austin - 1962 - Oxford [Eng.]: Clarendon Press. Edited by Marina Sbisá & J. O. Urmson.
Rules and representations.Noam Chomsky (ed.) - 1980 - New York: Columbia University Press.

View all 90 references / Add more references