Finding ERP-signatures of target awareness: Puzzle persists because of experimental co-variation of the objective and subjective variables☆

Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):804-808 (2009)
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Using masking techniques combined with electrophysiological recordings is a promising way to study neural correlates of visual awareness, as shown in recent studies. Here I comment on the following puzzling aspects typical for this endeavour that have made obstacles for a potentially even more impressive progress. First, the continuing practice of confounds between objective stimulus variables and subjective dependent measures. Second, complexity of timing the emergence of subjective conscious percept which is partly due to complex interactivity between target and mask. Third, the ambiguity of the concept of neural correlates of awareness



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