Heythrop Journal 53 (5):731-741 (2012)

The offender who desires to restore or maintain a relationship after a conflict apologises to his or her victim. Not only an individual but also a group can make apology. Groups do it through their representatives who are recognised as such by both sides. Sometimes offenders acknowledge wrongdoing and express regret for it. At other times while apologising, they may also ask for forgiveness. Does apology without a request for forgiveness mean the same as apology with such a request? Are there any cases where apology may be appropriate, but not a request for forgiveness? Do those who apologise without asking for forgiveness really not want to be forgiven? This article answers these questions by exploring the notion of apology and its relation to forgiveness
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DOI 10.1111/j.1468-2265.2011.00720.x
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On Apology.Aaron Lazare - 2005 - Oup Usa.
Learning From Forgiveness.Samuel Pillsbury - 2009 - Criminal Justice Ethics 28 (1):135-161.

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