Authors
Nicholas Southwood
Australian National University
Abstract
A difficult problem for contractualists is how to provide an interpretation of the contractual situation that is both subject to appropriately stringent constraints and yet also appropriately sensitive to certain features of us as we actually are. My suggestion is that we should embrace a model of contractualism that is structurally analogous to the “advice model” of the ideal observer theory famously proposed by Michael Smith (1994; 1995). An advice model of contractualism is appealing since it promises to deliver a straightforward solution to the so-called “conditional fallacy.” But it faces some formidable challenges. On the face of it, it seems to be straightforwardly conceptually incoherent. And it seems to deliver a solution to the conditional fallacy at the cost of being vulnerable to what I shall call “the concessional fallacy.” I shall consider how, if at all, these challenges are to be met. I shall then conclude by considering what this might mean for the so-called “ideal/non-ideal theory” issue.
Keywords contractualism  conditional fallacy  idealisation  ideal versus non-ideal theory
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/phpr.12500
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 1998 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):323-354.
Ideal Vs. Non‐Ideal Theory: A Conceptual Map.Laura Valentini - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (9):654-664.

View all 45 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Contractualism.Jussi Suikkanen - 2020 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Deliberative Model of Contractualism.Nicholas Southwood - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (2):183-208.
Moral Contractualism.Nicholas Southwood - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (6):926-937.
Act and Principle Contractualism.Hanoch Sheinman - 2011 - Utilitas 23 (3):288-315.
Contractualism and Climate Change.Jussi Suikkanen - 2014 - In Marcello Di Paola & Gianfranco Pellegrino (eds.), Canned Heat: Ethics and Politics of Climate Change. Routledge. pp. 115-128.
Contractualism and Moral Criticism.Norman S. Care - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):85 - 101.
Contractualism and the Conditional Fallacy.Jussi Suikkanen - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics 4:113-137.
Contractualism and the Significance of Perspective-Taking.Peter Timmerman - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (5):909-925.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-03-30

Total views
261 ( #38,599 of 2,462,241 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
19 ( #41,562 of 2,462,241 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes