Turing and the origins of AI

Philosophia Mathematica 3 (1):52-85 (1995)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Reading through Mechanica1 Intelligence, volume III of Alan Turing's Collected Works, one begins to appreciate just how propitious Turing's timing was. If Turing's major accomplishment in ‘On Computable Numbers’ was to expose the epistemological premises built into formalism, his main achievement in the 1940s was to recognize the extent to which this outlook both harmonized with and extended contemporary psychological thought. Turing sought to synthesize these diverse mathematical and psychological elements so as to forge a union between ‘embodied rules’ and ‘learning programs’. Through their joint service in the Mechanist Thesis each would validate the other: and the frameworks from whence each derived. In this paper I will try to show how Turing's psychological thesis forces us to reassess the consequences of establishing AI on the epistemological foundation that underlies behaviourism.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,283

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Alan Turing and the mathematical objection.Gualtiero Piccinini - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (1):23-48.
What Turing did after he invented the universal Turing machine.Diane Proudfoot & Jack Copeland - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9:491-509.
The Church-Turing Thesis.B. Jack Copeland - 2014 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford, CA: The Metaphysics Research Lab.
Turing test: 50 years later.Ayse Pinar Saygin, Ilyas Cicekli & Varol Akman - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.
Turing’s Responses to Two Objections.Darren Abramson - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (2):147-167.
Turing's golden: How well Turing's work stands today.Justin Leiber - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):13-46.


Added to PP

51 (#314,054)

6 months
15 (#171,899)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Stuart Shanker
York University

References found in this work

Philosophical Investigations.Ludwig Wittgenstein - 1953 - New York, NY, USA: Wiley-Blackwell. Edited by G. E. M. Anscombe.
On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem.Alan Turing - 1936 - Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society 42 (1):230-265.
Conditioned Reflexes.I. P. Pavlov - 1927 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 17 (4):560-560.

View all 19 references / Add more references