Academia Letters:1-5 (2021)

Authors
Michael Schmitz
University of Vienna
Abstract
Questions are not on all fours with assertions or directions, but higher-level acts that can operate on either to yield theoretical questions, as when one asks whether the door is closed, or practical questions, as when one asks whether to close it. They contain interrogative force indicators, which present positions of wondering, but also assertoric or directive force indicators which present the position of theoretical or practical knowledge the subject is striving for. Views based on the traditional force-content distinction take the indicative mood for granted and therefore do not understand assertion in contrast to direction, but in contrast to questions and other higher-level acts such as logical and fictional acts. But a corresponding sign like Frege's judgement stroke can only redundantly signal the absence of a higher-level act.
Keywords Speech acts  Questions  Assertion  Direction  Proposition  Higher-level act  Yes-no questions  Wh-questions  Force-content distinction
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References found in this work BETA

Propositional Content.Peter Hanks - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
Assertion.P. T. Geach - 1965 - Philosophical Review 74 (4):449-465.
The Thought: A Logical Inquiry.Gottlob Frege - 1956 - Mind 65 (259):289-311.
Frege: Philosophy of Language.Michael Dummett - 1973 - Philosophy 49 (190):438-442.

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