In Gereon Wolters & Martin Carrier (eds.), Homo Sapiens Und Homo Faber. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 133–145 (2005)

Authors
Hans Rott
Universität Regensburg
Verena Wagner
Universität Konstanz
Abstract
Descartes' Meditations do not end up sceptical at all. In fact, the sixth meditation displays an intriguing epistemological optimism. Descartes affirms without reservation that knowledge of the external world is possible. The antisceptical argument at the end of the Meditations is often interpreted as a refutation of dream scepticism, with the conclusion that a person in the waking state can also determine that he or she is awake. We examine the logic of the argument in detail and find that this is not the point. Our reconstruction shows that the question of waking or dreaming which seems to be so crucial for Descartes can even be dropped from his argument.
Keywords Descartes  scepticism  dreaming
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