Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):81-101 (2019)

Authors
Adam Pelser
United States Air Force Academy
Abstract
The author of Hebrews writes that Jesus Christ was “tempted as we are, yet without sin”. Many Christians take the sinlessness of Jesus to imply that he was perfectly virtuous. Yet, susceptibility to the experience of at least some temptations, plausibly including those Jesus experienced, seems incompatible with the possession of perfect virtue. In an attempt to resolve this tension, I argue here that there are good reasons for believing that Jesus, while perfectly sinless, was not fully virtuous at the time of his temptations, but that he grew in virtue through overcoming temptation. If this is right, then Jesus Christ is an exemplar of character formation who is able to “sympathize with our weaknesses” in an important way that Christians have largely overlooked.
Keywords Contemporary Philosophy  Philosophy and Religion
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 0739-7046
DOI 10.5840/faithphil2019117119
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 70,192
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Virtue and Reason.John McDowell - 1979 - The Monist 62 (3):331-350.
Are Moral Requirements Hypothetical Imperatives?John Mcdowell & I. G. Mcfetridge - 1978 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes 52:13-42.
Virtue and Reason.John McDowell - 1997 - In Roger Crisp & Michael Slote (eds.), Virtue Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Confessions.Saint Augustine & F. J. Sheed - 1992 - Hackett Publishing Company.
The Retrieval of Ethics.Talbot Brewer - 2009 - Oxford University Press.

View all 22 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Character, Reliability and Virtue Epistemology.Jason Baehr - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):193–212.
Virtue as a Trait.Christian Miller - 2018 - In Nancy Snow (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Virtue. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 9-34.
Of Manners and Morals.Nancy Sherman - 2005 - British Journal of Educational Studies 53 (3):272-289.
Caught in a Eutrapelia.Sean McAleer - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Research 40:297-312.
The Baptism of Christ and Temptations by Michele Tosini: A Lukan Reading.Heidi J. Hornik - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (4):376-385.
Character and Situationism: New Directions.Christian B. Miller - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (3):459-471.
Aristotle on Virtue of Character and the Authority of Reason.Jozef Müller - 2019 - Phronesis: A Journal for Ancient Philosophy 64 (1):10-56.
Environmental Virtue Ethics.Philip Cafaro & Ronald Sandler (eds.) - 2005 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Environmental Virtue Ethics.Philip Cafaro & Ronald Sandler (eds.) - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
The Temptation of God Incarnate.David Werther - 1993 - Religious Studies 29 (1):47-50.
Dispositions, Character, and the Value of Acts.Bradford Cokelet - 2015 - In Christian Miller, R. Michael Furr, Angela Knobel & William Fleeson (eds.), Character: New Perspectives in Psychology, Philosophy, and Theology. Oxford University Press. pp. 233-250.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-01-18

Total views
26 ( #439,101 of 2,507,351 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
5 ( #140,021 of 2,507,351 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes