Metaphilosophy 51 (2-3):303-317 (2020)

Alberto Oya
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Unamuno saw in his defense of religious faith a response to Nietzsche’s criticisms of the Christian, agapeic way of life. To Nietzsche’s claim that engaging in this way of life is something antinatural and life-denying, insofar as it goes against the (alleged) natural tendency to increase one’s own power, Unamuno responded that an agapeic way of life is precisely a direct expression of this natural tendency. Far from being something that goes against our natural inclinations, Unamuno says, an agapeic way of life is a life-affirming exercise, something we are led to given our own natural condition. Hence, the aim of this essay is to comment on Unamuno’s criticism of Nietzsche and to point out the philosophical relevance of Unamuno’s attempt to provide a natural foundation for religious faith when assessing Nietzsche’s criticisms of the possibility of carrying out a Christian, agapeic way of life.
Keywords Agapeic Way of Life  Baruch Spinoza  Conatus  Friedrich Nietzsche  Miguel de Unamuno  Religious Way of Life  Will to Power
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DOI 10.1111/meta.12410
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A Study of Spinoza's Ethics.Jonathan Bennett - 1984 - Critica 16 (48):110-112.

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Unamuno and the Makropulos Debate.Alberto Oya - 2022 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 91 (2):111-114.

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The Relation Between Life, Conatus, and Virtue in Spinoza’s Philosophy.Sylvain Zac - 1996 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 19 (1):151-173.


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