Espíritu 67 (155):243-249 (2018)

Authors
Alberto Oya
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Abstract
Due to their acceptance of the verifiability principle, the only way left for logical positivists to argue for the meaningfulness of religious language was to accept some sort of emotivistic conception of it or to reduce it to the description of religious attitude. The verifiability principle, however, suffers from some severe limitations that make it inadequate as a criterion for cognitive meaning. To resolve these problems, logical positivists gave up the requirement of conclusive verifiability and defended a sort of ‘liberalization’ of the verifiability principle. Carnap’s confirmability criterion for cognitive meaning, which is a liberalized form of the verifiability principle, is compatible with an orthodox conception of religious language since, from a theistic perspective, the existence of God can be confirmed through our observational statements.
Keywords Logical Positivism  Religious Language  Carnap's Confirmability  Vienna Circle
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References found in this work BETA

Foundations of Logic and Mathematics.Rudolf Carnap - 1937 - Chicago, IL, USA: U. Of Chicago P.
Testability and Meaning (Part 1).Rudolf Carnap - 1936 - Philosophy of Science 3 (4):420-71.
Psychology in Physical Language.R. Carnap - 1959 - In A. J. Ayer (ed.), Logical Positivism. Free Press.
Foundations of Logic and Mathematics. [REVIEW]E. N. - 1939 - Journal of Philosophy 36 (23):636-637.

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