The origins of the representational theory of measurement: Helmholtz, Hölder, and Russell

Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (2):185-206 (1993)
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It has become customary to locate the origins of modern measurement theory in the works of Helmholtz and Hölder. If by ‘modern measurement theory’ is meant the representational theory, then this may not be an accurate assessment. Both Helmholtz and Hölder present theories of measurement which are closely related to the classical conception of measurement. Indeed, Hölder can be interpreted as bringing this conception to fulfilment in a synthesis of Euclid, Newton, and Dedekind. The first explicitly representational theory appears to have been Russell's. He rejected the traditional concept of quantity and its connection to number, making the use of number in quantitative science problematical. He solved the problem via representationalism.



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Measurement in Science.Eran Tal - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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