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Matthias Neuber [71]Matthias C. Neuber [1]
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Matthias Neuber
University Tübingen
  1.  7
    Ernest Nagel: Philosophy of Science and the Fight for Clarity.Matthias Neuber & Adam Tamas Tuboly (eds.) - 2021 - Springer.
    This volume is dedicated to the life and work of Ernest Nagel counted among the influential twentieth-century philosophers of science. Forgotten by the history of philosophy of science community in recent years, this volume introduces Nagel’s philosophy to a new generation of readers and highlights the merits and originality of his works. Best known in the history of philosophy as a major American representative of logical empiricism with some pragmatist and naturalist leanings, Nagel’s interests and activities went beyond these limits. (...)
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  2.  3
    Der Realismus Im Logischen Empirismus: Eine Studie Zur Geschichte der Wissenschaftsphilosophie.Matthias Neuber - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    In der Studie geht Matthias Neuber der Frage nach, in welchem Verhältnis das Konzept des Realismus und der logische Empirismus des Wiener Kreises, eine der dominanten Strömungen der deutschsprachigen theoretischen Philosophie des frühen 20. Jahrhunderts, zueinander stehen. Diese Fragestellung ist in der philosophiehistorischen Forschung bislang nur am Rande behandelt worden. Das ist umso erstaunlicher, als die neuere wissenschaftsphilosophische Realismusdebatte gerade durch den logischen Empirismus maßgeblich mitbestimmt worden ist. Der Autor geht aber noch einen Schritt weiter: Er begründet in dem Band (...)
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  3.  25
    Perception and Coincidence in Helmholtz’s Theory of Measurement.Matthias Neuber - 2018 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 6 (3).
    The present paper is concerned with Helmholtz’s theory of measurement. It will be argued that an adequate understanding of this theory depends on how Helmholtz’s application of the concepts of perception and coincidence is interpreted. In contrast both to conventionalist and Kantian readings of Helmholtz’s theory, a more realistic interpretation will be suggested.
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  4. Philosophie der modernen Physik - Philipp Frank und Abel Rey.Matthias Neuber - 2010 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 80 (1):131-149.
    The aim of this paper is to show that the French philosopher and historian of science Abel Rey played a more influential role in the formative phase of the Vienna Circle than hitherto supposed. On the whole, it will be argued that Rey's contribution had political impact. His interpretation of "modern physics" in 1907 in the face of the alleged "bankruptcy of science" should be appreciated as a masterpiece of applied enlightenment thought. As such, it was especially paradigmatic for Philipp (...)
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  5. Invariance, Structure, Measurement – Eino Kaila and the History of Logical Empiricism.Matthias Neuber - 2012 - Theoria 78 (4):358-383.
    Eino Kaila's thought occupies a curious position within the logical empiricist movement. Along with Hans Reichenbach, Herbert Feigl, and the early Moritz Schlick, Kaila advocates a realist approach towards science and the project of a “scientific world conception”. This realist approach was chiefly directed at both Kantianism and Poincaréan conventionalism. The case in point was the theory of measurement. According to Kaila, the foundations of physical reality are characterized by the existence of invariant systems of relations, which he called structures. (...)
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  6.  38
    Helmholtz's Theory of Space and its Significance for Schlick.Matthias Neuber - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):163 - 180.
    Helmholtz's theory of space had significant impact on Schlick's early ?critical realist? point of view. However, it will be argued in this paper that Schlick's appropriation of Helmholtz's ideas eventually lead to a rather radical transformation of the original Helmholtzian position.
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  7.  12
    Die Grenzen des Revisionismus: Schlick, Cassirer Und Das "Raumproblem".Matthias Neuber - 2011 - Springer.
    "Die Grenzen des Revisionismus" befasst sich mit den erkenntnis- und wissenschafttheoretischen Positionen des frühen Moritz Schlick und des frühen Ernst Cassirer.
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  8. Feigl’s ‘Scientific Realism’.Matthias Neuber - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (1):165-183.
    This article considers the evolution of Feigl's attempt at establishing a stable form of scientific realism. I will argue that Feigl's work in that area should be appreciated for two reasons: it represents a telling case against the view of there being an unbridgeable ‘analytic-continental divide’ in the context of twentieth-century philosophy; it contradicts the idea that scientific realism is at odds with logical empiricism. It will be shown that Feigl developed his scientific realist position from within the logical empiricists’ (...)
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  9.  19
    Two Forms of American Critical Realism: Perception and Reality in Santayana/Strong and Sellars.Matthias Neuber - 2020 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 10 (1):76-105.
  10.  20
    Is Logical Empiricism Compatible with Scientific Realism?Matthias Neuber - 2014 - In Maria Carla Galavotti, Elisabeth Nemeth & Friedrich Stadler (eds.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer. pp. 249-262.
    Scientific realism is the view that the theoretical entities of science exist. Atoms, forces, electromagnetic fields, and so on, are not merely instruments for organizing observational data but are real and causally effective. This view seems to be hardly compatible with the logical empiricist agenda: As common wisdom has it, logical empiricism is mainly characterized by a strong verification criterion of meaning, i.e., by the project of defining the meaning of theoretical terms by virtue of the meaning of purely observational (...)
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  11.  16
    Is Logical Empiricism Compatible With Scientific Realism?Matthias Neuber - 2014 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 17:249-262.
    Scientific realism is the view that the theoretical entities of science exist. Atoms, forces, electromagnetic fields, and so on, are not merely instruments for organizing observational data but are real and causally effective. This view seems to be hardly compatible with the logical empiricist agenda: As common wisdom has it, logical empiricism is mainly characterized by a strong verification criterion of meaning, i.e., by the project of defining the meaning of theoretical terms by virtue of the meaning of purely observational (...)
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  12. Braucht Die Theoretische Physik den Religiösen Glauben? Neo-Scholastik Und Positivismus in der Dritten RepublikLa Physique Théorique A-T-Elle Besoin des Croyances Religieuses? Néo-Scolastique Et Postivisme Sous la IIIe RépubliqueIs Theoretical Physics in Need of Religious Faith? Neo-Scholasticism and Positivism in the Third RepublicLa Física Teórica Necesita Las Creencias Religiosas? Neoescolástica y Positivismo Bajo la III República.Matthias Neuber - 2013 - Revue de Synthèse 134 (2):221-247.
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  13.  19
    Helmholtz, Kaila, and the Representational Theory of Measurement.Matthias Neuber - 2018 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 8 (2):409-431.
  14. Realistic Claims in Logical Empiricism.Matthias Neuber - forthcoming - In Uskali Mäki, Stéphanie Ruphy, Gerhard Schurz & Ioannis Votsis (eds.), Recent Developments in the Philosophy of Science: EPSA13 Helsinki. Springer.
    Logical empiricism is commonly seen as a counter-position to scientific realism. In the present paper it is shown that there indeed existed a realist faction within the logical empiricist movement. In particular, I shall point out that at least four types of realistic arguments can be distinguished within this faction: Reichenbach’s ‘probabilistic argument,’ Feigl’s ‘pragmatic argument,’ Hempel’s ‘indispensability argument,’ and Kaila’s ‘invariantist argument.’ All these variations of arguments are intended to prevent the logical empiricist agenda from the shortcomings of radical (...)
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  15. Critical Realism in Perspective - Remarks on a Neglected Current in Neo-Kantian Epistemology.Matthias Neuber - 2014 - In Maria Carla Galavotti, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao J. Gonzales, Stephan Hartmann, Thomas Uebel & Marcel Weber (eds.), The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective: New Directions in the Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 657-673.
    Critical realism is a frequently mentioned, but not very well-known, late nineteenth-/early twentieth-century philosophical tradition. Having its roots in Kantian epistemology, critical realism is best characterized as a revisionist approach toward the original Kantian doctrine. Its most outstanding thesis is the idea that Kantian things-in-themselves are knowable. This idea was—at least implicitly—suggested by thinkers such as Alois Riehl, Wilhelm Wundt, and Oswald Külpe. Interestingly enough, the philosophical position of the early Moritz Schlick stands in the critical realist tradition as well. (...)
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  16. Carnap's Aufbau and the Early Schlick.Matthias Neuber - manuscript
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  17. Feigl, Sellars, and the Idea of a 'Pure Pragmatics'.Matthias Neuber - manuscript
  18. Schlick und die "Wende der Philosophie" - Vom kritischen Realismus zum logischen Empirismus.Matthias Neuber - forthcoming - In Husserl, Cassirer, Schlick: "Wissenschaftliche Philosophie" Im Spannungsfeld von Phänomenologie, Neukantianismus Und Logischem Empirismus. Springer.
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  19.  4
    What We Talk About When We Talk About This Being Blue.Matthias Neuber - 2022 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 14 (1).
  20.  11
    Fake News, Pandemien, Verschwörungstheorien. Neuere philosophische Literatur zu Fragen unserer Zeit.Matthias Neuber - 2021 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 75 (4):599-613.
    Wir leben in unübersichtlichen Zeiten: Sogenannte Fake News verzerren, verdrehen und leugnen Informationen mit dem Ziel umfassender Verunsicherung; Verschwörungstheoretiker unterstellen dunkle Mächte und rufen teils sehr explizit zum Aufstand auf; Covid-19 treibt uns gnadenlos vor sich her, und niemand weiß so recht, wohin das alles noch führt. Was sagen Philosophinnen und Philosophen zu all dem? Es ist dies die Frage, der im Rahmen dieses Literaturberichtes nachgegangen werden soll. Ein Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit wird dabei freilich nicht erhoben. Was aber geleistet werden (...)
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  21. Husserl, Cassirer, Schlick: "Wissenschaftliche Philosophie" Im Spannungsfeld von Phänomenologie, Neukantianismus Und Logischem Empirismus.Matthias Neuber (ed.) - forthcoming - Springer.
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  22. Dogmenfreiheit als Prinzip? Neuere Literatur zum logischen Empirismus.Matthias Neuber - 2011 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 65 (1):96-114.
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  23. Ostwald, Weber und die 'energetischen Grundlagen' der Kulturwissenschaft.Matthias Neuber - forthcoming - In Gerhard Wagner & Claudius Härpfer (eds.), Max Webers vergessene Zeitgenossen. Studien zur Genese der Wissenschaftslehre. Harrassowitz Verlag..
    Wilhelm Ostwald’s program of a physical energetics is the attempt at a comprehensive description of nature on the basis of the concept of energy. In his book Energetische Grundlagen der Kulturwissenschaft, first published in 1909, Ostwald applies this conception to the area of culture. His central assumption is that cultural phenomena should be described by the energetic notion of “efficiency relation” (Güteverhältnis). His systematic thesis is that science, when organized according to the Machian “principle of economy,” proves as the highest (...)
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  24. David J. Chalmers: Constructing the World. [REVIEW]Matthias Neuber - 2014 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 68 (4):648-652.
  25. Vaihinger, Scholz und die Religionsphilosophie des 'Als ob'.Matthias Neuber - manuscript
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  26.  48
    Realism as a Problem of Language–From Carnap to Reichenbach and Kaila.Matthias Neuber - 2012 - In R. Creath (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer Verlag. pp. 37--56.
    Rudolf Carnap’s role in the debate over scientific realism is fairly unclear. In a certain sense, Carnap must be regarded as the one who rendered the whole issue irrelevant. However, it cannot be ignored that Carnap sometimes spoke of himself as an ‘empirical realist.’ So the question to be answered is: in what sense, if at all, did Carnap play a constructive role in the scientific realism debate. It is the aim of the present paper to tackle this question by (...)
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  27.  11
    Reichenbach: Scientific Realist and Logical Empricist?Matthias Neuber - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):8875-8897.
    Hans Reichenbach’s position in the debate over scientific realism is remarkable. On the one hand, he endorsed the programmatic premises of logical empiricism; on the other, he explicitly employed a realist approach to conceptions such as reference, causality, and inference to the best explanation. How could that work out? It will be shown in the present paper that in Reichenbach’s view scientific realism is not, as frequently assumed, opposed to logical empiricism but rather to logical positivism. A distinction without a (...)
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  28.  32
    Zwei Formen des transzendentalen Revisionismus. ‚Wissenschaftliche Philosophie‘ beim frühen Ernst Cassirer und beim frühen Moritz Schlick.Matthias Neuber - 2011 - Kant-Studien 102 (4):455-476.
    In their early epistemological writings, Cassirer and Schlick represent two different strategies in their revisionist approaches toward the original Kantian doctrine. While Cassirer attempts a revision in the sense of ‚critical idealism‘, Schlick attempts a revision in the sense of ‚critical realism‘. It will be shown that this contrast in programmatic outlook leads to significant divergences, especially in the respective theories of space and the correlated interpretations of Einstein's general theory of relativity. On the whole, it will be argued that (...)
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  29. Review Carnap_Metaontology. [REVIEW]Matthias Neuber - forthcoming - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung.
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  30. Review Don Ross, James Ladyman, Harold Kincaid (eds.): Scientific Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Matthias Neuber - 2014 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 68 (3):426-430.
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  31.  2
    Nagel on the Methodology of the Social Sciences.Matthias Neuber - 2021 - In Matthias Neuber & Adam Tamas Tuboly (eds.), Ernest Nagel: Philosophy of Science and the Fight for Clarity. Springer. pp. 215-232.
    Ernest Nagel was one of the first philosophers of science who reflected systematically on the methodology of the social sciences. His cooperation with Paul F. Lazarsfeld at Columbia University proved to be instructive in this regard. Moreover, Nagel stood in close contact with representatives of sociological functionalism and published, in 1956, a contribution on the prospects of a formalization of functionalism. In his seminal The Structure of Science from 1961, Nagel devoted two long chapters to methodological and explanatory problems of (...)
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  32.  65
    Review Kaila.Matthias Neuber - manuscript
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  33.  9
    Physics Without Pictures?: The Ostwald-Boltzmann Controversy, and Mach’s Middle-Way.Matthias Neuber - 2002 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 9:185-198.
    It is a common view in cognitive psychology that there is a fundamental difference between what may be called descriptive information, on the one hand, and depictive information, on the other. While the first kind of information is — ideally spoken — non-pictorial and usually equated with the content of a proposition, the second kind of information is pictorial by defmition and accordingly equated with the content of a mental image. Granting the correctness of this distinction, cognitive scientists differ on (...)
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  34.  9
    Realism as a Problem of Language – From Carnap to Reichenbach and Kaila.Matthias Neuber - 2012 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 16:37-56.
    Rudolf Carnap’s role in the debate over scientific realism is fairly unclear. In a certain sense, Carnap must be regarded as the one who rendered the whole issue irrelevant. However, it cannot be ignored that Carnap sometimes spoke of himself as an ‘empirical realist.’ So the question to be answered is: in what sense, if at all, did Carnap play a constructive role in the scientific realism debate. It is the aim of the present paper to tackle this question by (...)
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  35. Rezension von Esfeld 2008.Matthias Neuber - 2008 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 62 (3):457-461.
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  36.  8
    Physics Without Pictures? The Ostwald-Boltzmann Controversy, and Mach's (Unnoticed) Middle-Way.Matthias Neuber - 2002 - In M. Heidelberger F. Stadler (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer. pp. 185-198.
    It is a common view in cognitive psychology that there is a fundamental difference between what may be called descriptive information, on the one hand, and depictive information, on the other. While the first kind of information is — ideally spoken — non-pictorial and usually equated with the content of a proposition, the second kind of information is pictorial by defmition and accordingly equated with the content of a mental image. Granting the correctness of this distinction, cognitive scientists differ on (...)
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  37.  34
    Gottfried Gabriel: Erkenntnis.Gottfried Gabriel & Matthias Neuber - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (1):36-40.
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  38. Die Bedeutung Hans Vaihingers für die Kant-Forschung seiner Zeit – ein chronologischer Überblick.Matthias Neuber - 2021 - Kant-Studien 112 (4):594-610.
    This paper scrutinizes and chronologically reconstructs Hans Vaihinger’s impact on contemporary Kant research. It provides an account of his engagement at both the exegetical and the institutional level. More broadly, it allows us to appreciate – for the first time, and in a comprehensive way – Vaihinger’s significance to the assessment of Kant’s legacy.
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  39. Friedrich Stadler : Vertreibung, Transformation und Rückkehr der Wissenschaftstheorie. Am Beispiel von Rudolf Carnap und Wolfgang Stegmüller: LIT, Wien und Berlin 2010, 519 S., EUR 44,90, ISBN: 978-3-643-50165-3. [REVIEW]Matthias Neuber - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):203-206.
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  40. Fiktion Und Fiktionalismus - Beiträge Zu Hans Vaihingers "Philosophie des Als Ob".Matthias Neuber (ed.) - 2014 - Königshausen & Neumann.
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  41. Introduction: Ernest Nagel and the Making of Philosophy of Science a Profession.Matthias Neuber & Adam Tamas Tuboly - 2021 - In Matthias Neuber & Adam Tamas Tuboly (eds.), Ernest Nagel: Philosophy of Science and the Fight for Clarity. Springer. pp. 1-27.
    This chapter provides an overview of the life and philosophy of Ernest Nagel, as well as a summary of the chapters in this volume. Regarding Nagel's philosophy, we focus on his role and activities to stabilize analytic philosophy and make it a profession, his views about the role and nature of history and sociology of science, naturalism, and socially engaged philosophy, and finally his understanding of the relation between science, society, and philosophy.
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  42. Interview with Ernest Nagel by Remmel Nunn.Matthias Neuber & Adam Tamas Tuboly - 2021 - In Matthias Neuber & Adam Tamas Tuboly (eds.), Ernest Nagel: Philosophy of Science and the Fight for Clarity. Springer. pp. 257-314.
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  43. Naturphilosophie als Metaphysik der Natur. [REVIEW]Matthias Neuber - 2008 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 62 (3).
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  44. Raum-Zeit. [REVIEW]Matthias Neuber - 2011 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 65 (3).
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  45. Theoriebeladenheit und Objektivität. Zur Rolle von Beobachtungen in den Naturwissenschaften. [REVIEW]Matthias Neuber - 2003 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 57 (2).
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  46.  20
    Mathematik und Ontologie. Der lange Weg zum,strukturellen Formalismus'.Matthias Neuber - 2017 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 71 (3):358-379.
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  47.  30
    Matthias Koßler (Hg.): Musik als Wille und Welt. Schopenhauers Philosophie der Musik.Regina Schidel & Matthias Neuber - 2011 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 64 (4):349.
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  48.  11
    Between Pragmatism and Realism.Matthias Neuber - 2019 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 11 (1).
  49.  1
    Ernest Nagel’s “The Philosophy of Science” Lecture at the Delaware Seminar.Matthias Neuber & Adam Tamas Tuboly - 2021 - In Matthias Neuber & Adam Tamas Tuboly (eds.), Ernest Nagel: Philosophy of Science and the Fight for Clarity. Springer. pp. 315-339.
    Among the “Ernest Nagel Papers 1930–1988” at Columbia University’s Rare Book & Manuscript Library, there is a file at Box 7, entitled “The Philosophy of Science: University of Delaware 1961”. This is the edited text with some editorial comments and polishing.
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  50.  16
    Treffpunkt Struktur – Cassirer, Schlick und Carnap.Matthias Neuber - 2013 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 95 (2):206-233.
    Structure is the connecting link between the early epistemologies of Cassirer, Schlick, and Carnap. However, there are important programmatic differences among Cassirer’s, Schlick’s, and Carnap’s articulations of the structuralistic point of view. Whereas Cassirer hoped to argue in favor of an ‚idealist‘ and Schlick in favor of a ‚realist‘ conception of structure, Carnap thought it possible to remain neutral in this respect. I will argue that Carnap’s approach, though at first sight promising, was doomed to failure precisely because of its (...)
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