The “vanishing” of the disjunction effect by sensible procrastination

Mind and Society 6 (1):41-52 (2007)


The disjunction effect (Tversky and Shafir in Psychol Sci 3:305–309, 1992) occurs when decision makers prefer option x (versus y) when knowing that event A occurs and also when knowing that event A does not occur, but they refuse x (or prefer y) when not knowing whether or not A occurs. This form of incoherence violates Savage’s (Cognition 57:31–95, 1954) sure-thing principle, one of the basic axioms of the rational theory of decision-making. The phenomenon was attributed to a lack of clear reasons for accepting an option (x) when the subjects are under uncertainty. Through a pragmatic analysis of the task and a consequent reformulation of it, we show that the effect does not depend on the presence of uncertainty, but on the introduction into the text-problem of a non-relevant goal

Download options


    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 72,694

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library


Added to PP

12 (#815,904)

6 months
1 (#388,311)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Similar books and articles

Procrastination and Personal Identity.Christine Tappolet - 2010 - In Andreou Chrisoula & Marck D. White (eds.), The Thief of Time. Philosophical Essays on Procrastination. Oxford University Press. pp. 115-29.
Disjunction and Alternativeness.Mandy Simons - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (5):597-619.
Understanding Procrastination.Chrisoula Andreou - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (2):183–193.
What Lies Beneath: Reframing Framing Effects.John Maule & Gaëlle Villejoubert - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (1):25 – 44.
Decision Making Under Great Uncertainty.Sven Ove Hansson - 1996 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (3):369-386.