Episteme 5 (2):141-159 (2008)

Abstract
Forensic science error rates are needlessly high. Applying the perspective of veritistic social epistemology to forensic science could produce new institutional designs that would lower forensic error rates. We make such an application through experiments in the laboratory with human subjects. Redundancy is the key to error prevention, discovery, and elimination. In the “monopoly epistemics” characterizing forensics today, one privileged actor is asked to identify the truth. In “democratic epistemics,” several independent parties are asked. In an experiment contrasting them, democratic epistemics reduced the rate at which biased observers obscured the truth by two-thirds. These results highlight, first, the potential of “epistemic systems design,” which employs the techniques of economic systems design to address issues of veracity rather than efficiency, and second, the value of “experimental epistemology,” which employs experimental techniques in the study of science
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DOI 10.3366/E1742360008000294
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References found in this work BETA

Experts: Which Ones Should You Trust?Alvin I. Goldman - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (1):85-110.
Epistemics: The Regulative Theory of Cognition.Alvin I. Goldman - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (10):509-523.
Social Moral Epistemology.Allen Buchanan - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):126-152.
Institutions, Beliefs and Ethics: Eugenics as a Case Study.Allen Buchanan - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (1):22–45.
Epistemic Systems.Roger Koppl - 2006 - Episteme 2 (2):91-106.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Epistemology of Scientific Evidence.Douglas Walton & Nanning Zhang - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 21 (2):173-219.
Forensic Culture as Epistemic Culture: The Sociology of Forensic Science.Simon A. Cole - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (1):36-46.

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