Zelfdoding en de waarde van een rationeel leven

Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 110 (4):453-472 (2018)
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Abstract

Suicide and the value of a rational life In recent Kantian discussions about suicide, it is not uncommon to find relatively ‘mild’ approaches towards suicide. Even though as a rule suicide is still impermissible, some argue that there may be circumstances that can make suicide morally permissible. If a person suffers such that she cannot be considered to have a rational life any more, suicide is no longer immoral because the object of the moral duty is no longer present. In this paper, I investigate this argumentative strategy by exploring what it might mean to have a ‘rational life’. I argue that on a minimal conception, people who suffer unbearably still lead rational lives and suicide is thus not morally justified. On substantial conceptions, however, not only does having a rational life become a contingent affair, it also leads to a more liberal approach towards suicide than ‘mild Kantians’ may be prepared to accept.

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Fleur Jongepier
Radboud University Nijmegen

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References found in this work

Against Narrativity.Galen Strawson - 2004 - Ratio 17 (4):428-452.
A right of self‐termination?J. David Velleman - 1999 - Ethics 109 (3):606-628.
Kant's Formula of Universal Law.Christine M. Korsgaard - 1985 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 66 (1-2):24-47.
Duty and Desolation.Rae Langton - 1992 - Philosophy 67 (262):481 - 505.
Kant on euthanasia and the duty to die: clearing the air.Michael Cholbi - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):607-610.

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