Taking the long view: an emerging framework for translational psychiatric science

World Psychiatry 13 (2):110-117 (2014)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Understood in their historical context, current debates about psychiatric classification, prompted by the publication of the DSM-5, open up new opportunities for improved translational research in psychiatry. In this paper, we draw lessons for translational research from three time slices of 20th century psychiatry. From the first time slice, 1913 and the publication of Jaspers’ General Psychopathology, the lesson is that translational research in psychiatry requires a pluralistic approach encompassing equally the sciences of mind (including the social sciences) and of brain. From the second time slice, 1953 and a conference in New York from which our present symptom-based classifications are derived, the lesson is that, while reliability remains the basis of psychiatry as an observational science, validity too is essential to effective translation. From the third time slice, 1997 and a conference on psychiatric classification in Dallas that brought together patients and carers with researchers and clinicians, the lesson is that we need to build further on collaborative models of research combining expertise-by-training with expertise-by-experience. This is important if we are to meet the specific challenges to translation presented by the complexity of the concept of mental disorder, particularly as reflected in the diversity of desired treatment outcomes. Taken together, these three lessons – a pluralistic approach, reliability and validity, and closer collaboration – provide an emerging framework for more effective translation of research into practice in 21st century psychiatry.

Links

PhilArchive

External links

  • This entry has no external links. Add one.
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The Diverse Ethics of Translational Research.Neema Sofaer & Nir Eyal - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):19-30.
Why the mental disorder concept matters.Dusan Kecmanovic - 2011 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 4 (1):1-9.
The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion.Jennifer Radden (ed.) - 2004 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Translational ethics? The theory-practice gap in medical ethics.A. Cribb - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):207-210.
Explanation in psychiatry.Dominic Murphy - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (7):602-610.
Obsessionality & compulsivity: a phenomenology of obsessive-compulsive disorder.Damiaan Denys - 2011 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6:3-.

Analytics

Added to PP
2014-05-28

Downloads
516 (#34,063)

6 months
49 (#82,207)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Lisa Bortolotti
University of Birmingham

References found in this work

General Psychopathology.Karl Jaspers - 1913 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
The Natural Ontological Attitude.Arthur I. Fine - 1984 - In Jarrett Leplin (ed.), Scientific Realism. University of California. pp. 261--77.
Real people. Personal identity without thought experiments.Kathleen V. Wilkes - 1989 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 179 (4):632-633.
Spiritual Experience and Psychopathology.K. W. M. Fulford & Mike Jackson - 1997 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (1):41-65.

View all 11 references / Add more references