Rational Foundations of Fast and Frugal Heuristics: The Ecological Rationality of Strategy Selection via Improper Linear Models

Minds and Machines 26 (1-2):61-86 (2016)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Research on “improper” linear models has shown that predetermined weighting schemes for the linear model, such as equally weighting all predictors, can be surprisingly accurate on cross-validation. We review recent advances that can characterize the optimal choice of an improper linear model. We extend this research to the understanding of fast and frugal heuristics, particularly to the ecologically rational goal of understanding in which task environments given heuristics are optimal. We demonstrate how to test this model using the Recognition Heuristic and Take the Best heuristic, show how the model reconciles with the ecological rationality program, and discuss how our prescriptive, computational approach could be approximated by simpler mental rules that might be more descriptive. Echoing the arguments of van Rooij et al., we stress the virtue of having a computationally tractable model of strategy selection, even if one proposes that cognizers use a simpler heuristic process to approximate it.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,509

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Rationality, Logic, and Fast and Frugal Heuristics.José Luis Bermúdez - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):744-745.
Against an Uncritical Sense of Adaptiveness.Steve Fuller - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):750-751.
The Evolution of Rational Demons.Colin Allen - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):742-742.
What is an Ecologically Rational Heuristic?Stephen E. Newstead - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):759-760.
From Simon 's Scissors for Rationality to Abc's Adaptive Toolbox.X. T. Wang - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):765-766.


Added to PP

32 (#362,084)

6 months
1 (#417,896)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?