Analysis on Mental Structures in Language Learning

Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (3):147-150 (2005)

People learn and use language in the process involves the user's psychological mechanism, This mechanism consists of an information processing system, namely sensory memory, working memory and long-term memory, which is based on three components of sustainable time-based information storage types, they continued in the storage time of information encoding and functional capacity and role of different, therefore, different learners need to learn the language of different learning strategies, to raise the learning efficiency received a satisfactory learning results. Nowadays more and more linguists start to carry out research on the psychological process of language acquisition and language learning. Language learning and language using is, in fact, the language information processing. And the acts of comprehending and producing language are performed within the constraints of our information processing system which consists of three structural components: sensory memory, working memory and permanent memory . The three types of memory are the three mental structures which, along with a set of control processes, form the model of information processing. Since the three types of memory are different from one another in the duration of storage, the size of storage, the way of encoding, etc., language learners need to adopt different strategies in their study if they expect to learn effectively
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