Journal of Greco-Roman Studies 57 (3):49-66 (2018)

Sean M. Costello
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
In this paper I attempt to discover the object of Aristotle’s God’s νόησις in Metαphysics Λ.9. In Section I, I catalogue existing interpretations and mention the two key concepts of (i) God’s substancehood and (ii) his metaphysical simplicity. In Section II, I explore the first two aporiae of Λ.9 – namely (1) what God’s οὐσία is and (2) what God intelligizes. In Section III, I show how Aristotle solves these aporiae by contending that God’s οὐσία is actually intelligizing, and being determined to do so by himself, and that the object of his νόησις is himself, such that he intelligizes his own οὐσία, and I explain what this means. In Section IV, I present the second pair of aporiae in Λ.9 and show how, by solving these, Aristotle clarifies the position arrived at in Section III. Lastly, in Section V, I present the final aporia and its solution, and conclude that Aristotle’s God is a radically-unified Narcissus-God who intelligizes his own οὐσία.
Keywords Ancient Philosophy  Aristotle  Metaphysics  Ancient Theology  Divine Substance  Metaphysics Λ  Divine Simplicity  Νόησις
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References found in this work BETA

Aristotle: The Desire to Understand.Jonathan Lear - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
Aristotle on Thinking.Charles H. Kahn - 1992 - In Martha C. Nussbaum & Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle’s de Anima. Clarendon Press. pp. 359-80.
Aristotle's Theology.Stephen Menn - 2012 - In Christopher Shields (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle. Oup Usa. pp. 422.
Aristotle's Philosopher-God.Richard Norman - 1969 - Phronesis 14 (1):63-74.
Aristotle on God As Thought Thinking Itself.Thomas De Koninck - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):471-515.

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