Third-party apologies, theory and form

American Philosophical Quarterly 59 (3):287-295 (2022)
  Copy   BIBTEX


When A wrongs B while C observes, or when B tells C afterward, C might apologize. This could seem to be an imprecise or merely metaphorical use of the word ‘apology’ to refer to an expression of sympathy. But this short paper explains how third-party apologies function as apologies (they restore respect to B, the victim, that was undermined by the wrongdoer A); it explains why such an apology could be morally necessary on C's part; and it provides a preliminary account of the components of a third-party apology.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 93,098

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles


Added to PP

44 (#372,384)

6 months
19 (#145,295)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Marc A. Cohen
Seattle University

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Articulating an uncompromising forgiveness.Pamela Hieronymi - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):529-555.
The Apologetic Stance.Jeffrey S. Helmreich - 2015 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 43 (2):75-108.
Owning up and lowering down: The power of apology.Adrienne M. Martin - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (10):534-553.
Apology as Self-Repair.Marc A. Cohen - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (3):585-598.
The categorical apology.Nick Smith - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (4):473–496.

Add more references