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  1. Psychology as an Associational Science: A Methodological Viewpoint.Sam S. Rakover - 2012 - Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):143-152.
    Unlike the sciences (physics), psychology has not developed in any of its areas (such as perception, learning, cognition) a top-theory like Newtonian theory, the theory of relativity, or quantum theory in physics. This difference is explained by a methodological discrepancy between the sciences and psychology, which centers on the measurement procedure: in psychology, measurement units similar to those in physics have not been discovered. Based on the arguments supporting this claim, a methodological distinction is made between the sciences and psychology (...)
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  • A Plea for Methodological Dualism and Multi-Explanation Framework in Psychology.Sam S. Rakover - 2011 - Behavior and Philosophy 39:17-43.
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  • Reconstruction of Past Events From Memory: An Alternative to the Hypothetico-Deductive (H-D) Method.Sam S. Rakover - 2002 - Behavior and Philosophy 30:101 - 122.
    According to the demand of the Hypothetico-Deductive (H-D) method, a theory is confirmed when the prediction-observation (p-o) gap is small and disconfirmed when the gap is large. A major goal of this paper is to introduce a research domain for which this demand does not hold. In contrast to the H-D method's demand, this research, called the Catch model for reconstructing a face previously seen from memory, requires an increase, within limits, in the p-o gap. The Catch model research substantiates (...)
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