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  1. The Intrinsic Cost of Cognitive Control.Wouter Kool & Matthew Botvinick - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):661-698.
    Kurzban and colleagues carry forward an important contemporary movement in cognitive control research, tending away from resource-based models and toward a framework focusing on motivation or value. However, their specific proposal, centering on opportunity costs, appears problematic. We favor a simpler view, according to which the exertion of cognitive control carries intrinsic subjective costs.
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  • Attention and Effort.Daniel Kahneman - 1973 - Prentice-Hall.
  • On the Link Between Mind Wandering and Task Performance Over Time.David R. Thomson, Paul Seli, Derek Besner & Daniel Smilek - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 27:14-26.
  • Mind Wandering and Education: From the Classroom to Online Learning.Karl K. Szpunar, Samuel T. Moulton & Daniel L. Schacter - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  • Not All Minds That Wander Are Lost: The Importance of a Balanced Perspective on the Mind-Wandering State.Jonathan Smallwood & Jessica Andrews-Hanna - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  • Mind-Wandering and Dysphoria.Jonathan Smallwood, Rory C. O'Connor, Megan V. Sudbery & Marc Obonsawin - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (4):816-842.
  • Letting Go of the Present: Mind-Wandering is Associated with Reduced Delay Discounting.Jonathan Smallwood, Florence Jm Ruby & Tania Singer - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):1-7.
    The capacity to self-generate mental content that is unrelated to the current environment is a fundamental characteristic of the mind, and the current experiment explored how this experience is related to the decisions that people make in daily life. We examined how task-unrelated thought varies with the length of time participants are willing to wait for an economic reward, as measured using an inter-temporal discounting task. When participants performed a task requiring minimal attention, the greater the amount of time spent (...)
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  • The Attention-Lapse and Motor Decoupling Accounts of SART Performance Are Not Mutually Exclusive.Paul Seli - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 41:189-198.
  • Assessing the Associations Among Trait and State Levels of Deliberate and Spontaneous Mind Wandering.Paul Seli, Evan F. Risko & Daniel Smilek - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 41:50-56.
  • An Opportunity Cost Model of Subjective Effort and Task Performance.Robert Kurzban, Angela Duckworth, Joseph W. Kable & Justus Myers - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):661-679.
    Why does performing certain tasks cause the aversive experience of mental effort and concomitant deterioration in task performance? One explanation posits a physical resource that is depleted over time. We propose an alternative explanation that centers on mental representations of the costs and benefits associated with task performance. Specifically, certain computational mechanisms, especially those associated with executive function, can be deployed for only a limited number of simultaneous tasks at any given moment. Consequently, the deployment of these computational mechanisms carries (...)
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  • Influencing the Occurrence of Mind Wandering While Reading.Kristopher Kopp, Sidney D’Mello & Caitlin Mills - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:52-62.
  • A Laboratory Method for Investigating Influences on Switching Attention to Task-Unrelated Imagery and Thought.Leonard M. Giambra - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):1-21.
    Thought-intrusions, automatic inferences, and other unintended thought are beginning to play an important role in the study of psychiatric disease as well as normal thought processes. We examine one method for study of task-unrelated imagery and thought . TUIT likelihood was shown to be reliably measured over a wide range of vigilance tasks, to have high short-term and long-term test-retest reliability, and to be sensitive to information processing demands. Likelihood of TUITs was shown to be different as a function of (...)
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  • Harnessing the Wandering Mind: The Role of Perceptual Load.Sophie Forster & Nilli Lavie - 2009 - Cognition 111 (3):345-355.
  • A Spreading-Activation Theory of Semantic Processing.Allan M. Collins & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (6):407-428.
  • Back to the Future: Autobiographical Planning and the Functionality of Mind-Wandering.Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1604-1611.
    Given that as much as half of human thought arises in a stimulus independent fashion, it would seem unlikely that such thoughts would play no functional role in our lives. However, evidence linking the mind-wandering state to performance decrement has led to the notion that mind-wandering primarily represents a form of cognitive failure. Based on previous work showing a prospective bias to mind-wandering, the current study explores the hypothesis that one potential function of spontaneous thought is to plan and anticipate (...)
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  • A Taxonomy of External and Internal Attention.Marvin M. Chun, Julie D. Golomb & Nicholas B. Turk-Browne - 2011 - Annual Review of Psychology 62:73-101.
    Attention is a core property of all perceptual and cognitive operations. Given limited capacity to process competing options, attentional mechanisms select, modulate, and sustain focus on information most relevant for behavior. A significant problem, however, is that attention is so ubiquitous that it is unwieldy to study. We propose a taxonomy based on the types of information that attention operates over—the targets of attention. At the broadest level, the taxonomy distinguishes between external attention and internal attention. External attention refers to (...)
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  • Orienting of Attention.M. I. Posner - 1980 - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (1):3-25.
  • The Feeling of Doing: Deconstructing the Phenomenology of Agnecy.Timothy J. Bayne & Neil Levy - 2006 - In Natalie Sebanz & Wolfgang Prinz (eds.), Disorders of Volition. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Disorders of volition are often accompanied by, and may even be caused by, disruptions in the phenomenology of agency. Yet the phenomenology of agency is at present little explored. In this paper we attempt to describe the experience of normal agency, in order to uncover its representational content.
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  • Wandering Minds: The Default Network and Stimulus-Independent Thought.M. F. Mason, M. I. Norton, J. D. van Horn, D. M. Wegner, S. T. Grafton & C. N. Macrae - 2007 - Science 315 (5810):393-395.
  • Control of Goal-Directed and Stimulus-Driven Attention in the Brain.M. Corbetta & G. L. Shulman - 2002 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3 (3):201-215.
  • The Restless Mind.J. Smallwood & J. W. Schooler - 2006 - Psychological Bulletin 132 (6):946-958.