Weighing Up Weighted Lotteries: Scarcity, Overlap Cases, and Fair Inequalities of Chance

Ethics 130 (3):320-348 (2020)
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Abstract

After providing a novel taxonomy of lottery procedures for fairly distributing scarce goods, I defend a new weighted lottery theory. This taxonomy is necessary because the debate between unweighted and weighted lottery theorists overlooks a range of cases, overlap cases, in which conducting an unweighted lottery is impossible or implausible. Therefore, to account for all such cases, lottery theorists must adopt a weighted lottery. However, while no extant weighted lottery is adequate in overlap cases, my new weighted lottery theory is. I conclude by discussing my theory’s practical implications.

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Gerard Vong
Emory University

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