Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 26 (2):129-136 (2003)

Michael Segre
Università degli Studi di Chieti "G.D'ANNUNZIO"
The Council of Trent and the Second Vatican Council are significant both to Lutheranism and Science. The first inaugurated the Counter Reformation and formulated a decree related to biblical hermeneutics later used as a basis for Galileo's condemnation. The second modernized the Roman Catholic Church and formulated the Pastoral Constitution Gaudium et spes used by Pope John Paul II as a basis for the reconsideration of the condemnation. In both cases, however, the Church of Rome may not have followed the spirit of its councils. In the 17th century it condemned Galileo following a radical interpretation of the teaching of Trent, that of Cardinal Robert Bellarmine. Recently it reconsidered the ‚Affair’ unsatisfactorily probably because Gaudium et spes encouragement of science clashes with the possibility that Saint Bellarmine misinterpreted the Trent decree.
Keywords Galileo, Bellarmine, Council of Trent, Vatican II, science and religion, John Paul ii
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DOI 10.1002/bewi.200390035
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