Hard Times for Hard Incompatibilism

Kristin M. Mickelson
University of Colorado, Boulder (PhD)
Constructive incompatibilism is the conjunction of two views about the free will of normal human beings. Roughly, the first view says that human freedom is incompatible with determinism, and the second says that human freedom is incompatible with indeterminism. Since either determinism or indeterminism is true, constructive incompatibilism entails that it is metaphysically impossible for a human to perform a free action—and, a fortiori, that we do not have free will. In this essay, I argue that Pereboom’s case for hard incompatibilism, his preferred version of constructive incompatibilism, fails—and for reasons that imply that constructive incompatibilism is, in principle, an indefensible view.
Keywords hard incompatibilism, incompossibilism, impossibilism, abductive, constructive dilemma, free will, determinism
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