A Materialistic Rationalist? Urban Gottfried Bucher’s Defense of Innate Ideas and Mechanism, Added by his Denial of Free Will

Quaestio 16:47-73 (2016)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Urban Gottfried Bucher is one of the most surprising authors in early German enlightenment and has been rightly celebrated as a materialist and therefore radical thinker. But he did not teach the same kind of materialism as his contemporary Andreas Rüdiger who leaned toward Locke’s empiricism. Bucher is much closer to Hobbes’ mechanical materialism, to Spinoza’s criticism of free will, and to Tschirnhaus’ extending of the mathematical method to natural science. His explanation of the working of the human soul, while materialistic, is rationalistic and mechanical. The difference between the two kinds of materialism becomes crystal-clear in Bucher’s and Rüdiger’s approach to the Copernican system they both embrace. For Rüdiger, the Copernican hypothesis is seen as a probable truth we can hold on to as long as we don’t obtain competing empirical sensiones and ideas, even if our globe should not really move around the sun. For Bucher though, it is a demonstrated truth that gains additional support by a machin...



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 93,098

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Mechanism and materialism in early modern German philosophy.Paola Rumore - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (5):917-939.
Priestley in Germany.Paola Rumore - 2020 - Intellectual History Review 30 (1):145-166.
Is eliminative materialism materialistic?David R. Hiley - 1978 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 38 (March):325-37.
The Significance of Subjective Materialistic Thought in Kant’s Philosophy.Heesung Kim - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 23:65-69.


Added to PP

22 (#733,109)

6 months
4 (#862,832)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Ursula Goldenbaum
Emory University

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references