Topoi 36 (2):299-309 (2017)

Authors
Jérôme Dokic
Institut Jean Nicod
Abstract
We investigate the nature of the sense of presence that usually accompanies perceptual experience. We show that the notion of a sense of presence can be interpreted in two ways, corresponding to the sense that we are acquainted with an object, and the sense that the object is real. In this essay, we focus on the sense of reality. Drawing on several case studies such as derealization disorder, Parkinson’s disease and virtual reality, we argue that the sense of reality is two-way independent from the spatial and sensory contents of experience. We suggest that the sense of reality is an affective experience akin to a metacognitive feeling. Finally, we present a potentially important implication of our account for the current debate between Intentionalism and Naïve Realism. Since perception is “opaque” with respect to the reality of what is perceived, Intentionalism cannot refer to the sense of reality as what differentiates perception from sensory-like experiences such as imaginings. In contrast, Naïve Realism has an independent explanation of the specificity of perception.
Keywords Sense of presence  Sense of reality  Sense of acquaintance  Derealization  Parkinson’s disease  Virtual reality  Metacognitive feeling  Naïve Realism  Intentionalism
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DOI 10.1007/s11245-015-9327-2
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References found in this work BETA

Origins of Objectivity.Tyler Burge - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
Reference and Consciousness.J. Campbell - 2002 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Sense of Existence.Billon Alexandre - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.

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