Apeiron 55 (4):627-645 (2022)
AbstractIn this paper, three problems that have hardly been noticed or even gone unnoticed in the available literature in the cosmology of Philolaus are addressed. They have to do with the interrelationships of the orbits of the Earth, the Sun, and the Moon around the Central Fire and all three of them constitute potentially insurmountable obstacles within the context of the Philolaic system. The first difficulty is Werner Ekschmitt’s claim that the Philolaic system cannot account for the length of the day. It is shown that this problem can be solved with the help of the distinction between the synodic day and the sidereal day. The other two problems discussed in this paper are concerned with two hitherto unnoticed deficiencies in the explanation of lunar eclipses in the Philolaic system. The Philolaic system cannot account for long-lasting lunar eclipses and according to the internal logic of the system, during lunar eclipses the Moon enters the shadow of the Earth from the wrong side. It is almost unbelievable that nobody, from the Pythagoreans themselves up to recent authors, has noticed these two serious deficiencies, and especially the latter, in the cosmology of Philolaus the Pythagorean.
Similar books and articles
On Philolaus’ astronomy.Daniel W. Graham - 2015 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 69 (2):217-230.
How Thales Was Able to "Predict" a Solar Eclipse Without the Help of Alleged Mesopotamian Wisdom.Dirk Couprie - 2004 - Early Science and Medicine 9 (4):321-337.
Solar and lunar observations at Istanbul in the 1570s.John M. Steele & S. Mohammad Mozaffari - 2015 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 69 (4):343-362.
Eclipse theory in the Jing chu li: Part I. The adoption of lunar velocity.Yuzhen Guan - 2015 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 69 (1):103-123.
Comparing the Motion of Solar System with Water Droplet Motion to Predict the Future of Solar System.Areena Bhatti - 2019 - Conference Paper Abstract.
Solar Eclipses at Tikal, AD 0010 to AD 1600: With Lunar Intervals.Richard Johnson - forthcoming - Manuscrito. Forth Worth.
Studies in Babylonian Lunar Theory: Part II. Treatments of Lunar Anomaly.John P. Britton - 2009 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 63 (4):357-431.
Babylonian astronomy: a new understanding of column.Lis Brack-Bernsen - 2020 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 74 (6):605–640.
The Back Plate Inscription and eclipse scheme of the Antikythera Mechanism revisited.Alexander Jones & Paul Iversen - 2019 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 73 (5):469-511.
Babylonian astronomy: a new understanding of column Φ: Schematic astronomy, old prediction rules, riddles, loose ends, and new ideas.Lis Brack-Bernsen - 2020 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 74 (6):605-640.
Studies in Babylonian Lunar Theory: Part I. Empirical Elements for Modeling Lunar and Solar Anomalies.John P. Britton - 2007 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 61 (2):83-145.
Central path of solar eclipses visible in south Africa as total or annular eclipses, during the twentieth century.A. W. Roberts - 1890 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 8 (2):93-109.
Muḥyī al-Dīn al-Maghribī’s lunar measurements at the Maragha observatory.S. Mohammad Mozaffari - 2014 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 68 (1):67-120.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
No citations found.
References found in this work
Lore and Science in Ancient Pythagoreanism.Walter Burkert - 1972 - Cambridge: Mass., Harvard University Press.
Science Before Socrates: Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and the New Astronomy.Daniel Graham - 2013 - Oup Usa.
Philolaus of Croton: Pythagorean and Presocratic: A Commentary on the Fragments and Testimonia with Interpretive Essays.Carl A. Huffman (ed.) - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
Heaven and Earth in Ancient Greek Cosmology: From Thales to Heraclides Ponticus.Dirk L. Couprie - 2011 - Springer.